Kashmir Carpets, History, Journey Art and designs.
Kashmir Carpets: story of its origin
Hand Knotted Carpets have been around for thousands of years with the oldest rug on record being the Pazyryk Persian Rug, dating back to the 4th century B.C. In the 2,400 years since that rug’s creation, hand-knotting has seen its popularity rise and fall.
The art of Hand-knotted Carpets making probably developed in the plains of Central Asia several thousand years ago. The nomads needed some protection from the bitter cold, something that was more easily handled than a parchment cover. They were also decorating their tent. The materials used for warp, weft and pile came from herds of goats and flocks of sheep.
The looms, in their simplest form, were made of two wooden ribs that were secured to the ground and warp was tied between them. The advantage of these horizontal looms, which are still used by nomads today, is that they bend easily and can be carried to the next campground.
The pattern on these early Hand-knotted Carpets was made up of geometric or curved motifs.
Kashmir carpets are beautiful handmade art with details of texture, materials, techniques and decorative pictures and designs.
Kashmir Carpets and Rugs: History heard from Elders
Hand-made Kashmir carpets in India starts its journey as a canvas stretched on a frame. The origin of the carpet is still unknown in world history as the art object in question is deteriorating. The history of Kashmir carpets dates back to the time of a Sufi mystic Hazrat Mir Syed Ali Hamdani. The origin of hand knotted carpets locally known as “Kal baffi” dates back to 15th century after which it progressively attained the high degree of perfection. It is said that Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin.(popularly known as Budshah) brought carpet weavers from Persia and central Asia Turkistan into Kashmir to train the local inhabitants. established the cashmere industry. The art of carpet weaving usually resides within the family, passing on inherited artistic skills and techniques from father to son.
On April 29, 1865, a peaceful procession Kashmir Carpets and Shawl weavers marched towards the Zadgar field in Srinagar, protesting against such a back-breaking tax in the history of the world’s labor struggle, which they felt the organized people had forgotten. Has given The reason for this may be that the labor movement did not take place in Europe or the United States. While the world has easily forgotten the greatest milestone in modern history, Kashmir should not have followed it. Read the Article
I as a Tourist Guide and a Art lover have an opportunity to spend time with the artisans and their families of Kashmir carpets . In the mid-18th century, the Crystal Palace in London exhibited Kashmir Carpets from the Mughal era, and Europeans were impressed. Soon, Kashmiri artisans began designing rugs that matched Western tastes.The Universal Exhibition of London in 1851, where shawls and Kashmir carpets were featured, was a major milestone for Kashmir’s products. As British rule quickly engulfed almost the whole of the subcontinent, carpet production drifted towards the hackneyed substitute of an industry that was once the pride of Imperial India.
How long do hand-knotted Kashmir carpets and rugs last:
Traditional Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets, are a valuable collection that can be passed down from one generation to the next. Traditional handmade Kashmir carpets stand the test of time and can last for decades and even a lifetime, provided they are properly cared for and maintained.
Kashmir carpets and Rugs: Art Making Quality and Introduction.
A carpet factory in Kashmir known locally as Kharkhana, a place of work where weavers work together to create masterpieces of art. Sometimes families sit together on a rug during the different stages of carpet work. Generally, a carpet takes an average of 2 years to complete. Depending on the size and design of the carpet, it may take longer.
Carpet weaving is a three-step process that involves many people, starting with a designer, dyer, weaver and ending with a businessman who brings them to the world.
They use the most skilled carpet weavers to make one knot at a time. Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets are of great quality and these are masterpieces you can walk on. Handmade carpets are unique and are often woven using materials such as pure silk, wool, bamboo silk and cotton. These rugs have a lot of flatter Ness and the density of planets per square inch on the back of the carpet tells its quality. One carpet per square inch is considered a better-quality carpet with more dense knots.
Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets, are really durable and can last a long time. They are made from the finest wool so it makes them stronger than other types of carpets available in the market. The maintenance costs of these carpets are also low, so you will not spend much to keep these carpets clean all the time. Kashmir also excels in manufacture of silk carpets. Designs and patterns in Kashmir carpets continue to be predominantly inspired by classical Persian and Central – Asia rugs. Thus Kashmir has been creating Kashan and Kirman, Tabriz and Isfahan, Meshed and Bokhara with such superb artistry that these can compare with the best in the regions of their origin. attractive local variations have also been evolved. Kashmir carpets usually come in the sizes of 2’x3′; 2 1/2’x4′; 3’x5′; 6’x4′; 6’x9′
The government is taking steps to revive the Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets sector in Jammu and Kashmir. Some young Kashmiri people are working towards introducing calligraphy and other modern designs in hand knotted carpets weaving. Handicrafts are being promoted more effectively in this state so that buyers from all over the world are once again attracted to Kashmir carpets. Such efforts will surely increase the sales of these carpets and help in improving the economy of Kashmir.
Kashmir Carpets: Art and Weavers.
Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets are from 200 knots to 900 knots/sq. inch both in wool & silk yarn have attained such excellence that they rank amongst the finest in the world. The loom used in Kashmir carpets weaving is composed of two horizontal wooden beams between which the wrap threads are stretched, one beam in front of the weaver and the second behind the first. The difference between a hand knotted carpets and other hand woven rugs lies in the fact that short lengths of the thread or yarn are tied to wrap chains to form the pile of the carpet. These are commonly called knots though it is a loop rather than an actual knot.[ Kashmir Carpets and Rugs ]
There are different types of knots in Kashmir carpets, the Farsi baff and the Persian system known as Sehna, or Sinneh, knot is originally used. Very simple tools are used to thread these knots, a wood or Metal comb to push knots and weft tightly together and pair of short scissors to cut the pile of the carpet to an even form once it is finished. Kashmir. Some very fine silk carpets in different sizes have been created with density of knots as high as 3600 knots per sq. inch but these are rare Exhibits, of skill and mainly made for display or museum pieces.
The designs are reveals itself along the weft lines in wool or silk, while the warp is drawn in cotton. Quality and hence value, is determined by the number of knots to the square inch and fineness of the material used. The assortment of Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpets is crafted from premium quality Silk / Wool. Provide a stylish and regal look to the modest décor with the Hand Knotted Carpets. Clients can avail from us the Handmade Carpets in diverse dimensions, hues and textures.
Kashmir Carpets: Most Popular Designs
Inspired by Persian carpet weaving, Kashmiri weavers initially created their own designs and shapes of dame, which were classified as oriental carpets. Over time, however, Kashmiri artisans improved upon this blessed craft and inspired new local designs and designs. Although thousands of different shapes and images are used in Kashmir carpets, here are some famous features of Kashmiri carpets.
Gulabdar – The Kashmiri Rose. Tree of Life – The majestic tree depiction home to the native birds.
Gumm – The maze pattern. Bagdar – The Garden View. All Over – An area spread floral pattern.
Dabdar – The box pattern. Lotus – The Lotus flower inspired pattern.
Khatam Band – Intricate Wood Art inspired motif.
Hamdan, Ardabil, Kashan, Kirman and Tabriz are other famous carpet motifs that are actually inspired by the Persian Art.
How do I know my carpet is hand knotted: Kashmir Carpets
Look behind the carpet. Hand-knotted Carpets, will have slightly uneven weaves and knots and will not always be precise and uniform. Some knots can be big and some small. If you cut one of the planets – a piece will come out.
A typical hand-knotted carpets, can have anything upward of two million knots and it takes anywhere close to six to ten months to make a hand-knotted carpet depending on the intricacy of the design. A hand-knotted rug goes through 18 or more finishing steps before taking its final shape.
What is the difference between a Persian rug and an oriental rug:
Oriental rugs are primarily made in China, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Persian rug on the other hand is a term that refers to an art form originating from Iran or adjacent countries of the Middle East while some oriental rug styles come from regions near Persia.
The quality of Kashmir Carpets depends on the number of knots used per square inch. Each unique Kashmir Carpet is a work of art using 576 knots to an extreme of 2500 knots per square inch (the highest number of knots known of any carpets in the world). Each masterpiece takes years to complete by masters of the weaving art. Several thousand Kashmir Carpets are woven annually. but only a small fraction of high caliber art carpets are produced. You won’t find our specialty carpets in every store or a shop. The “extreme high knots per square inch count” comprises an art in silk on silk rugs; unique to Kashmir only.
Kashmir carpets: Connecting to the Divine Through Art, Legends and Stories.
Dua [Prayer] carpets were also woven in the kani technique (twill tapestry), with Burns emphasizing the uniqueness of these particular kani weaves and their confusion with the original rugs, who wrote in 1840: “Let me mention Kashmir carpets here. Kani Since prayer rugs were always made in pairs, in fact, the famous identity pairs of Mughal carpets are still found in the evidence available today, although it is not known whether they were made in a systematic way. It is more likely that Kani Namaz carpet was always a pair of things. we know little about its composition. In Iran During Humayun’s exile, for example, pairs of carpets were specially invited by Shah Tahmasp. Ra: “Every rich man should offer three pairs of carpets, each measuring 12 dar…”
Lahore was to be one of the busiest cities in India after Kashmir, as Fazal said “… there are over a thousand workshops”; Of course, the looms numbered in the thousands. This means that the letter strongly establishes Lahore and Kashmir as centers of imperialist weaving, and further suggests that the production of royal carpets, at least in Pashmina, involved the joint efforts of the two regions.
Francois Bernier, witnessing the shawl industry first hand, emphasizes this point, and admits that “Great pains have been taken to manufacture similar shawls in Patna, Agra and Lahore, but notwithstanding every possible care, they never have the delicate texture and softness of the Kashmir Carpets.
The magic of falling in love. And where can you find more romance than the story of Aladdin and his beloved Jasmine, flying on their magic carpet? Magic flying rugs have mobilized lovers and made dreams come true in old stories like the Bible. According to one version, the queen of Sheba sent her lover King Solomon a magical carpet of green silk adorned with gold and jewels. Another version believes that it was God who sent the king the magic carpet.
There is also the story of the great love of the prince. This Persian folk tale tells us the story of a young and beautiful Arab virgin princess, Sheherzada, who seduces Shah Shahryar from telling her story. In this story, she tells the drama of magical flying carpets, jinns and mighty lamps. For 1001 nights he ruled the king with his stories until the king fell in love with him so much that he gave her life and made her his queen.
The story of the Kashmir carpets, weaver tells an interesting story. When King Balsh’s magnificent diamond is accidentally destroyed by a clumsy thief, the king’s page finds the scattered ornament and summons the king to the area. The king looks at the pieces of diamonds scattered in the landscape like a magnificent Persian carpet, and cannot refuse to go away. The clever carpet weavers of the palace, however, created another area of carpet, which was made of silk in the colors of precious jewels, which was even more magnificent than real diamonds. The king returns home, for joy returns to his heart.
Kashmir Carpets: Story of Jamruda
“I was a little girl when my uncle taught me the art of Kashmir carpets weaving,” Jamruda told New Lines during an interview at her home. Perhaps that is how she became so adept at reading the Taleem (coded instructions for weaving), which may have required years of professional training. Jamruda teaches it to other women in the village, although education and carpet weaving is a perishable art.