The Taj Mahal History is not just a love story but a symbol of eternal love and devotion. Emperor Shah Jahan built this monument in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, who passed away while giving birth to their 14th child. The Taj Mahal is not just a beautiful white marble mausoleum, but it’s a masterpiece of Mughal architecture, with its intricate designs and carvings that are still admired by tourists from all over the world. The Taj Mahal has stood the test of time and has witnessed many historical events, including wars, invasions, and political turmoil. As a tourist guide, I feel honored to share the Taj Mahal’s history and legacy with visitors, and I encourage everyone to visit this magnificent wonder of the world at least once in their lifetime. Taj Mahal History is a testimony to the power of love, and its architectural beauty will surely leave you mesmerized.
Taj Mahal Agar History and Built by
The Taj Mahal, a stunning piece of architecture and a testament to love, is an essential destination for anyone interested in the rich history of India. Built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Queen Mumtaz Mahal, it stands tall and proud on the banks of the Yamuna River in Agra. The Taj Mahal’s history is as fascinating as its beauty, with intricate details and stunning marble work that leave visitors speechless. The grand gates of this magnificent monument welcome more visitors than the entire population of Agra each year, and it is easy to see why. As a tourist guide, I take great pride in sharing the complete Taj Mahal history and information with visitors from all over the world, and it is truly a must-see for anyone who appreciates the rich history and culture of India.
Shah jahan Builts Red Fort at Delhi.
Taj Mahal, means crown of palaces in Persian. The tomb is laid out in a rectangular shape and can be accessed through a large gateway surrounded by arches and alcoves on either side. There are water channels and fountains at the entrance which make the monument more spectacular. The depiction of this grand spectacle in the Yamuna is almost poetic in its perfection!
Covering an area of about 42 acres, the construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1631 and took 17 years to complete in 1648. It was built using white marble procured from Makrana in Rajasthan. Emperor Shah Jahan to be built as a mausoleum for Mumtaz Mahal in 1631 at Cost of is Thirty-five million Indian Rupees, in the memory of his most beloved wife, and a soul-mate Queen Mumtaz Mahal. In the Persian language, Taj Mahal means the Crown of Palaces. The Taj is pink at sunrise, milky white in the evening and golden in the moonlight.
Taj Mahal History of Love and Sorrow
Taj Mahal history is a testimony to the rich cultural and artistic achievements of the Mughal Empire. The Taj Mahal, a magnificent mausoleum built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, has a rich history that dates back to the 17th century. This stunning monument took more than 20,000 workers from India and Central Asia to build and was completed in 1653 after 21 years of hard work. The Taj Mahal is an architectural masterpiece that is renowned for its intricate marble inlays and semi-precious stone decorations.
It is a symbol of true love and devotion, and its history is a testament to the power of human emotions. The Taj Mahal’s beauty and cultural significance have made it a World Heritage Site designated by UNESCO in 1983. Despite being centuries old, it still stands as a symbol of the rich cultural heritage of India. This iconic monument has a special place in the hearts of millions of people all around the world who appreciate its history and majesty. Taj Mahal History is a fascinating story of love, devotion, and architectural brilliance that continues to inspire people even today. petra dura
Taj Mahal History The Tragic Love Story of Mumtaz Mahal
Taj Mahal History is incomplete without Queen Mumtaz Mahal was born as Arjumand Banu on 27th April 1593 in Agra to Abu’l-Hasan Asaf Khan a wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire.
Mumtaz Mahal, born as Arjumand Banu, was a beautiful and gracious woman who captured the heart of Prince Shah Jahan. Their love story is an integral part of Taj Mahal history. They were engaged when she was only 14 years old and married five years later in a grand celebration in Agra, which is now famously known for the Taj Mahal. After their marriage, Shah Jahan bestowed upon her the title “Mumtaz Mahal” Begum, which means “the Exalted One of the Palace.” The Taj Mahal history is incomplete without mentioning the love story of this couple. The couple enjoyed an intimate and erotic relationship, as documented by leading court historians of their time.
Despite frequently being pregnant, Queen Mumtaz Mahal remained by Emperor Shah Jahan’s side throughout his military campaigns, and was his constant companion and trusted confidant.
In their 19 years of marriage, Mumtaz Mahal gave birth to fourteen children. However, tragedy struck when she died from postpartum hemorrhage in Berhampur Deccan on 17th June 1631. Shah Jahan was devastated by her death, and it is said that he was inconsolable for several days. The Taj Mahal history would not be complete without mentioning the depth of love and loss that Shah Jahan experienced upon the death of Mumtaz Mahal. This is the reason that beauty of the Taj is also taken as a representation of queen Mumtaz Mahal’s beauty and this leads many writers and poets to describe the Taj Mahal appears as a feminine. ( Look Like Humayuns Tomb at Delhi )
Taj Mahal was built by the fifth emperor in the dynasty of Mughals in India, a Persian princess. The love between Emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz mahal, made this beautiful monument which is counted as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Taj Mahal is widely considered one of the most beautiful buildings ever created on earth.
Read: Tracing the Unforgettable Taj Mahal Story A Captivating Love Saga.
Mysteries of Taj Mahal History Architecture Lay Out Plan
The story of Taj Mahal History is one of the most fascinating tales of love and art in the world. The mausoleum in the middle of a broad plinth, 23 feet (7 m) high, is made of fair white marble, which reflects the intensity of sunlight or moonlight, as seen in the Taj Mahal History. Taj Mahal History is known for its four nearly identical facades, each with a broad central arch, rising to 108 feet (33 m) at its peak, and chamfered corners. The Taj Mahal History’s magnificent central dome, surrounded by four lesser domes, reaches a height of 240 feet (73 m) at its apex. The interior of the tomb, decorated with low carvings and semi-precious stones, is arranged around an octagonal marble chamber, housing the tombs of Queen Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, the founders of Taj Mahal History. The false tombs are surrounded by a fine latticed marble curtain, and below the tombs, on the garden level, are the original sarcophagi, as described in Taj Mahal History. Two harmoniously similar buildings – the mosque and the Jab, built of red sandstone with marble-necked domes and architraves, are adjacent to the Taj Mahal History, providing aesthetic balance to the structure.
Adjacent to the Taj Mahal, near the north-west and north-east edges of the garden respectively, are two harmoniously similar buildings – the mosque, which faces east, and the Jab, which faces west and provide aesthetic balance. are Built of red sandstone with marble-necked domes and architraves, they contrast in both color and texture with the white marble of the shrine.
Taj Mahal Architecture Features
The Taj Mahal is not only a stunning example of Mughal architecture, but also has a rich history behind its construction. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, the master architect of the Taj Mahal, designed the building with impeccable symmetry according to the doctrines of the period’s style. It was built on a land on the banks of the river to the south of the walled city of Agra, and constructed using materials from all over the Mughal Empire and other parts of Asia. The Taj Mahal exemplifies the highest achievements of Islamic art and architecture, with intricate and precious design details such as the marble window curtains and calligraphic accents in the central dome. These are some of the architectural features that highlight the Taj Mahal as an important Indian architectural landmark, and contribute to its rich Taj Mahal History. Minarets on each side flank the domed tomb, and a central pool reflects the main building, while the gardens are an earthly representation of paradise. Read Mughal Architecture
Taj Mahal history reveals that over a thousand elephants were used to transport building materials during the construction of this iconic monument, a magnificent example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of love. It took the endeavor of approximately twenty-two thousand laborers, artisans, painters, embroidery artists, and stonecutters to shape up the Taj Mahal. The translucent white marble used to build the Taj Mahal was brought from Makrana [Jaipur] in Rajasthan, along with jasper from the state of Punjab, jade and crystal from China, turquoise stone from Tibet, lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, sapphire from [Cyclone] Sri Lanka, and carnelian from the deserts of Arabia. In total, twenty-eight types of precious and semi-precious gemstones were inlaid by special technique into the white marble, as per Taj Mahal history.
During the construction of the Taj Mahal, a fifteen-kilometer tamped-earth ramp was built to transport marble and materials to the construction site, and teams of twenty or thirty oxen pulled the blocks on specially constructed wagons. An elaborate post and beam pulley system was set up to raise the blocks into the desired position. Water was drawn from the river by a series of purs, an animal-powered rope and bucket mechanism, into a large storage tank and raised to a large distribution tank. Taj Mahal history also reveals that it was passed into three subsidiary tanks, from which it was piped to the complex.
The main entrance to the Taj, an ornamentally rich Mughal structure made of white marble with tomb-like archways, showcases intricate calligraphy and vaulted ceilings with geometric patterns in designs. Taj Mahal history is a testament to the dedication and craftsmanship of the artisans who worked tirelessly to bring this masterpiece to life.
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On the other end of the structure there are two identical red sandstone buildings, the western building is actually a mosque, and its prototype, on the opposite is a jawab an answer. tricks of the eye. Taj Mahal history reveals that when you first approach the main gate that frames the Taj, for example, the monument appears incredibly close and large. But as you get closer, it shrinks in size. Taj Mahal history is recognized as an architectural beauty with a harmonious combination of solid and space, concave and convex effect. With light and shadow. As the arches and domes of the Taj Mahal add to the aesthetic aspect. The color combination of the lush green landscape, the red path and the turquoise blue sky above it make the monument ever changing in its color and mood matters. Taj Mahal history shows for. From dawn to dusk, the sun turns to samadhi. It can appear pearly gray and pale pink at sunrise, bright white at noon, and orange-bronze at sunset. White marble at dusk. And the relief work studded with precious and semi-precious gems make it a monument. The main material used for construction was white marble material.
The Taj Mahal is not just a magnificent marble structure, but it also holds a rich history behind its creation. Taj Mahal history tells us that it was built as a mausoleum to immortalize the love of a husband for his beloved wife. Its unique aesthetic quality and exquisite craftsmanship have made it a masterpiece of architecture. The inlay work is particularly noteworthy, as it is not the traditional petra dura, but rather a lapidary of precious and semi-precious gems, showcasing the artistic and scientific achievements of the Mughal Empire.
Shah Jahan Built the Beautiful Jama Mosque at Delhi so Majestic.
Taj Mahal History: The Magnificent Red Sandstone Entrance Gate
The main gate of the Taj Mahal is made of red sandstone. Arabic calligraphy of the Holy Quran and motifs of interlaced flowers, leaves and vines swirl beneath. These carvings are made of semi-precious stones set in white marble. Entrance Gate of Taj Mahal always welcomes its visitors with a beautiful inscription, written in nakash calligraphy, over the entrance of the great gate that reads, “O soul, you are at peace. The Ninety-Nine Names of the Lord Calligraphy.” in the shape of O Great, O Glorious, O Great, O Unique, O Eternal, O Glorious
The entrance is an octagonal entrance, surrounded by small rooms on either side of the floor, with beautifully decorated doors on either side, one leading to the courtyard and the other to the temple. This gateway has strong balconies on three sides. The entrance door itself is a masterpiece of fine inlay work.
This gate is in front of the beautiful Taj Nature Walk and Fatehabad Town. Near this gate there is a domed tomb on a high platform. This tomb was built in the memory of Sirhindi Begum, the second wife of Shah Jahan. Hence this door is known as “Saarhi Dwar”. The main building is eight-sided, with twenty-four arches, a large hall and a verandah. This gate should be given priority to avoid the crowd.
This is the main gate of the Taj Mahal and this gate is in front of Hare Shah Jahan Garden, Agra Cantonment and Agra City. Outside this gate is a red sandstone building known as Fatehpur Begum, the second wife of Shah Jahan. It is built on a beautiful terrace. The counting yard is paved and measures 130 feet and can seat around 175 to 200 people for prayers.
The Ultimate Taj Mahal Experience: Discover the Wonders of this Iconic Monument with the Best Tourist Guide in India.
Taj Mahal Garden
The Taj Mahal history is filled with fascinating facts about the beautiful garden that surrounds the monument of love. The garden is not only a breathtaking sight, but it also has a unique history. The concept of the garden was brought to India by Babur in the 16th century, and it was designed in the Persian Timurid style. The garden is divided into four sections, each with 16 flower beds and 400 saplings, all arranged according to the Islamic belief that the number four is sacred. The garden’s use of waterways and fountains was a new type of horticulture introduced in India, making it a true masterpiece of its time. Taj Bagh is full of lush green trees, chirping birds, fruits, flowers and harmony, which reflects the abstract meaning of heaven. This whimsical setting makes a stunning backdrop for those perfect shots.
The Taj Mahal: A Masterpiece of Mughal Architecture and History
The Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture and is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. Taj Mahal History tells us that it can be accessed from the East, West, and South gates. The beautiful gardens around it are laid out in a formal Persian style known as charbagh. The monument itself stands on a raised marble platform at the northern end of the garden and is strategically placed to leave only the sky as its backdrop. The four corners of the platform are adorned with 40-meter-high white minarets. The crown of the structure is made of semi-translucent white marble and is studded with thousands of semi-precious stones and inlaid with flowers. The four faces of the crown are in perfect harmony with Quranic passages and patera dura scrollwork.
The Taj Mahal’s internal floor plan is based on the Hasta Behisht principle, reflecting the eight levels of heaven. The walls of the building are carved with Quranic verses and decorated with semi-precious stones such as coral, shell, carnelian, sapphire, and lapis lazuli. The mausoleum’s beautiful marble curtain is set with a variety of semi-precious stones, enhancing the harmony of the crown. The red sandstone mosque to the west of the complex and a similar building on the east side were built to maintain harmony. Inside the Taj is a small museum that houses Mughal miniatures, including a pair of ivory paintings of Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal, the main attraction. The Caledon plates, said to crack or change color if the food served on them is poisoned, are also present.
Experience the Taj Mahal History under the Full Moon, Night Viewing Guidelines
Night viewing of the Taj Mahal is a popular way to experience the beauty of this iconic monument. This practice, which began in 1984, allows visitors to witness the Taj in a different light, quite literally. Taj Mahal History reveals that the idea was first implemented to promote tourism and has since become a beloved tradition.
The night viewing schedule of the Taj is decided by the Archaeological Survey of India, keeping in mind the full moon night and the two nights preceding and following it. Only a limited number of people, about 400, are allowed to view the monument at night in eight batches of around 50 people each. Visitors have to deposit all their belongings at the security counter and reach the Shilpgram complex half an hour before their scheduled time to see the Taj from a short distance. However, video cameras are not allowed inside the monument during night viewing.
Facts and Myths about Taj Mahal History
Facts and Myths about Taj Mahal
There is a popular story that the Taj Mahal was a Shiva temple built in the 12th century which was later converted into a monument to Mumtaz Mahal. This theory was developed by Mrs. Prashotham Nagesh Oak. He filed a petition to open the sealed basement rooms to prove his theory, but this was rejected by the Supreme Court in 2000.
A popular myth associated with the Taj Mahal is that the craftsmen who built it are to be mutilated. It is believed that when the construction was completed, Shah Jahan ordered the hands of the artisans of the project to be amputated so that no building in the world would be so beautiful again. However, there is no such historical evidence found to support this theory. Fortunately, this is a fake story and not true.
Local lore says that the Shah Jahan originally intended to build another mausoleum in black marble across the river to house his own remains. And a marble bridge with the Taj Mahal some says that Shah Jahan wanted to construct a shadow image across the Yamuna River an identical, but opposite Taj Mahal with black marble. where he would be entombed. Chronicles of the court, said that construction came to a halt after Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his own son Aurangzeb. Thus Emperor’s wish didn’t fulfil and he was buried on the side of his wife queen in the Taj Mahal in 1658.
Taj Mahal Museum
The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic examples of Mughal architecture. Within the Taj Mahal complex is the small but important Taj Museum, which is home to many original miniatures from the Mughal era. A highlight of the museum is a pair of 17th century ivory portraits of Shah Jahan and his wife. The museum also has a number of Caledon plates that discolor or shatter into pieces if poisoned food is served on them.
Museum Timings: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm Entry is Free.
Best Time to Visit Taj Mahal
The best time to visit the Taj Mahal is undoubtedly sunrise when it looks the most spectacular. It is also the most relaxing time to visit due to less crowds. Another magical time to see the Taj is at sunset. You can also visit it for five nights around the full moon. However, entry tickets are limited for the time being, and must be purchased a day in advance from the Archaeological Survey of India office.
To See Other Interesting Places near Taj Mahal
- Agra Fort (Red Fort) 3.2 km.
- Jehangir’s Palace 3 km.
- Jama Masjid 4.1 km.
- Mankameshwar Temple 4.5 km.
- Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daulah (Baby Taj) 6.7 km.
- Chini-ka-Rauza 7.2 km.
- Mehtab Bagh Garden 7.8 km.
- Dayal Bagh 8.5 km.
- gurudwara guru ka taal 11.5 km.
How to Reach Taj Mahal
Reaching the Taj Mahal and visiting Agra can be done by Tonga, electric buses and tempo. There are also auto rickshaws and state buses. To reduce the impact of pollution on the monument, vehicles are not allowed around the Taj and are required to be parked in a parking lot a short distance from the temple. There are non-electric tourist buses for visitors to and from the parking lot.
The Taj Mahal and Agra Fort are quite close to each other, and you can walk between the two if there is not much sunlight. Otherwise, there are plenty of autos and battery-operated rickshaws plying between the two major monuments that charge minimal charges.
Taj Mahal by Train
The Taj Mahal is located in Agra, which is well connected by train to other major cities in India. Here are a few options for reaching the Taj Mahal by train:
- Take a train to Agra Cantonment Railway Station: Agra Cantonment Railway Station is the main railway station in Agra and is located about 6 kilometers from the Taj Mahal. You can take a taxi or auto rickshaw from the railway station to reach the Taj Mahal.
- Take a train to Agra Fort Railway Station: Agra Fort Railway Station is another major railway station in Agra and is located about 2 kilometers from the Taj Mahal. You can take a taxi or auto rickshaw from the railway station to reach the Taj Mahal.
- Take a train to Idgah Railway Station: Idgah Railway Station is the nearest railway station to the Taj Mahal and is located just 1 kilometer away. You can walk from the railway station to the Taj Mahal or take a short ride in a taxi or auto rickshaw.
It is recommended to book your train tickets in advance, as trains to Agra can get booked up quickly. You can book your tickets through the Indian Railways website or through a travel agent.
Taj Mahal Ticket
Entry Fee: Foreign Tourist Type Amount Rs.1100/- + 200/-
Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries Rs. 540/- + 200/-
Taj Mahal Visiting Timings:
Taj Mahal opens 30 Minutes before sunrise and closes 30 Minutes before sunset during normal operating days). Taj Mahal is closed on Friday. only accessible to practicing Muslims to attend the prayers in the afternoon
Night Entry Timings:
- Night viewing is allowed on five days every month – on the full moon night and two nights before and two after the full moon.
- 8:30 pm to 12:30 am only Taj is close on Friday and during the month of Ramzan.
|Still Camera||Free, but photography prohibited inside the main Taj Mahal|
Taj Mahal: Time Required 2.5 hours.
Taj Mahal Wikipedia : Click http://www.tajmahal.gov.in/
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