Taj Mahal-History-Architecture-Ticket-Timing

The love between Emperor Shah Jahan and his Queen Mumtaz mahal, made the the Taj Mahal a beautiful monument which is counted as one of the Wonders of the World. As a Tourist Guide I am sharing a complete information about Taj Mahal’s history its architecture, ticket and timings. Every Indian takes pride in the beauty, the tourist symbol of India the Taj Mahal and its majestic heritage. Taj Mahal is famous all over the world. Every year Around 3 to 4 million people come to see the most amazing monument of love with their own eyes.

 Today, the Taj Mahal stands as the ultimate monument of love and tribute to her beauty and life. Enjoy The story of Taj Mahal and see Amazing Taj Mahal With Harry

Taj Mahal Agar Built by

The Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, is located on the banks of the Yamuna River in Agra. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Queen Mumtaz Mahal. It also houses the tomb of king Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal, built entirely of white marble in the 17th century, is one of the most beautiful monuments in the world. Every year more pilgrims than the entire population of Agra pass through the grand gates to catch a glimpse of this magnificent monument!. The Taj Mahal is widely considered one of the most beautiful buildings ever created on earth.

Shah jahan Builts Red Fort at Delhi.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Taj Mahal in 1983, means crown of palaces in Persian. The tomb is laid out in a rectangular shape and can be accessed through a large gateway surrounded by arches and alcoves on either side. There are water channels and fountains at the entrance which make the monument more spectacular. The depiction of this grand spectacle in the Yamuna is almost poetic in its perfection!

Covering an area of ​​about 42 acres, the construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1631 and took 17 years to complete in 1648. It was built using white marble procured from Makrana in Rajasthan. Emperor Shah Jahan to be built as a mausoleum for Mumtaz Mahal in 1631 at Cost of is Thirty-five million Indian Rupees, in the memory of his most beloved wife, and a soul-mate Queen Mumtaz Mahal. In the Persian language, Taj Mahal means the Crown of Palaces. The Taj is pink at sunrise, milky white in the evening and golden in the moonlight.

History of Taj Mahal India

The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631 giving birth to their 14th child. The construction of the Taj began in 1632. The main building was completed in eight years, but the entire complex was not completed until 1653. Soon after the completion of construction, Shah Jahan died in 1666, after which his remains were buried here with Queen Mumtaz. “Monument of Eternal Love

The beauty and history of the Taj Mahal attracts people the most and makes it famous all over the world.

More than 20,000 people from India and Central Asia worked on this magnificent building. Experts were brought from far away Europe to create beautiful marble curtains and marble inlays (petra dura) made of thousands of semi-precious stones. The Taj Mahal was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. It still looks as ancient today as it was when it was first built. At the beginning of the 20th century, a major project to restore the monument began.

The Taj Mahal is a timeless love story celebrated in marble.

Queen Mumtaz Mahal was born as Arjumand Banu on 27th April 1593 in Agra to Abu’l-Hasan Asaf Khan a wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire.

Mumtaz Mahal was engaged to Shah Jahan around 5th April 1607, when she was 14 years old at the time and prince was 15. They were, however, married five years after the year of their betrothal on 10th May 1612 or 7th June 1612 at Agra with a great pomp and show. After their wedding celebrations, Shah Jahan, “finding her in appearance and character beautiful among all the women of that time”, gave her a title of “Mumtaz Mahal” Begum “the Exalted One of the Palace”.  This is the reason that beauty of the Taj is also taken as a representation of queen Mumtaz Mahal’s beauty and this leads many writers and poets to describe the Taj Mahal appears as a feminine. ( Look Like Humayuns Tomb at Delhi )

Mumtaz had a love marriage with prince Shah Jahan. Even during her lifetime, poets would praise her beauty and grace. Despite she was frequently pregnant, Mumtaz Mahal travelled with Shah Jahan’s throughout his military campaigns. She was his constant companion and trusted confidant The leading court historians of that time go to unheard lengths to document the intimate and erotic relationship the couple enjoyed. In their 19 years of marriage, they had a family of fourteen children. Queen Mumtaz Mahal died from postpartum haemorrhage in Berhampur deccan part of India on 17th June 1631.

Evening Sun set at Taj Mahal reflects the Beauty and Grace of the Queen Mumtaj Mahal

Taj Mahal was built by the fifth emperor in the dynasty of Mughals in India, a Persian princess. The love between Emperor Shah Jahan and his queen Mumtaz mahal, made this beautiful monument which is counted as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.  The Taj Mahal is widely considered one of the most beautiful buildings ever created on earth.

Taj Mahal Architecture Layout

Taj Mahal mausoleum in the middle of a broad plinth 23 feet (7 m) high is of fair white marble which shows color according to the intensity of sunlight or moonlight. It has four nearly identical facades, each with a broad central arch rising to 108 feet (33 m) at its peak and chamfered (diagonal) corners incorporating smaller arches. The magnificent central dome, which reaches a height of 240 feet (73 m) at its apex, is surrounded by four lesser domes. A flute note resonates five times due to the acoustics inside the central dome. The interior of the tomb is arranged around an octagonal marble chamber, decorated with low carvings and semi-precious stones (Petra dura). It has the tombs of Queen Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan. The false tombs are surrounded by a fine latticed marble curtain. Below the tombs, on the garden level, are the original sarcophagi. At the four corners of the square plinth are beautiful minarets separate from the main building.

Adjacent to the Taj Mahal, near the north-west and north-east edges of the garden respectively, are two harmoniously similar buildings – the mosque, which faces east, and the Jab, which faces west and provide aesthetic balance. are Built of red sandstone with marble-necked domes and architraves, they contrast in both color and texture with the white marble of the shrine.

Around 22000 labors, Artisans and Stone Cutters were Employed (Marble Art)

Taj Mahal Architecture Features

“Taj Mahal” in Agra, India. It is considered a fine example of Mughal architecture a blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles. The Taj Mahal exemplifies the highest achievements of Islamic art and architecture. Its design details are intricate and precious, from the marble window curtains to the calligraphic accents in the central dome. These are some of the architectural features that highlight the Taj Mahal as an important Indian architectural landmark.

Master Architect of the Taj Mahal was Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. The Taj Mahal at Agra is the pinnacle of Mughal architecture, constructed with impeccable symmetry according to the doctrines of the period’s style. Minarets on each side flank the domed tomb, and a central pool reflects the main building. The gardens an earthly representation of paradise. The stunning Taj Mahal was built on a land on the banks of the river to the south of the walled city of Agra. The Taj was constructed using materials from all over his empire and other parts of Asia.


It is believed that over a thousand elephants were used to drag to transport building materials. It took the endeavor of approximately twenty-two thousand laborers, artisans, painters, embroidery artists and stonecutters to shape up the Taj Mahal. The translucent white marble was brought from Makrana [Jaipur] in Rajasthan, the Jasper from the state of Punjab, jade and crystal were imported from China. The turquoise stone was brought from Tibet and the Lapis lazuli comes from the mines of Afghanistan, while the sapphire came from [Cyclone] Sri Lanka and the most amazing red stone in Taj is carnelian procured from the deserts of Arabia. Total twenty-eight types of precious and semi-precious gem stones were inlaid by special technique, into the white marble. A fifteen-kilometer tamped-earth ramp was built to transport marble and materials to the construction site and teams of twenty or thirty oxen pulled the blocks on specially constructed wagons, an elaborate post and a beam pulley system was set to raise the blocks into the desired position. . Water was drawn from the river by a series of purs, an animal-powered rope and bucket mechanism, into a large storage tank and raised to a large distribution tank. It was passed into three subsidiary tanks, from which it was piped to the complex. The main entrance to the Taj is an ornamentally rich Mughal structure made of white marble with tomb-like archways. The arches are rich in calligraphy and have vaulted ceilings and walls with geometric patterns in designs.


On the other end of the structure there are two identical red sandstone buildings, the western building is actually a mosque, and its prototype, on the opposite is a jawab an answer. tricks of the eye. When you first approach the main gate that frames the Taj, for example, the monument appears incredibly close and large. But as you get closer, it shrinks in size. It is recognized as an architectural beauty with a harmonious combination of solid and space, concave and convex effect. With light and shadow. As the arches and domes of the Taj Mahal add to the aesthetic aspect. The color combination of the lush green landscape, the red path and the turquoise blue sky above it make the monument ever changing in its color and mood matters. shows for. From dawn to dusk, the sun turns to samadhi. It can appear pearly gray and pale pink at sunrise, bright white at noon, and orange-bronze at sunset. White marble at dusk. And the relief work studded with precious and semi-precious gems make it a monument. The main material used for construction was white marble material.


The Taj Mahal has perfect harmony and exquisite craftsmanship. represents the best architectural and artistic achievement by It is a masterpiece of architecture in conception, healing and execution and has a unique aesthetic quality in the balance, harmony and harmony of various natural elements. A magnificent marble structure in Agra, India, is a mausoleum, a permanent monument to a husband’s love for his favorite wife. It is also an eternal testament to the rich artistic and scientific achievements of the Mughal Empire. Taj Mahal is far beyond traditional decorative elements. The inlay is not petra dura but a lapidary of precious and semi-precious gems. ( Shah Jahan Built the Beautiful Jama Mosque at Delhi so Majestic )

Taj Mahal: Main Entry Gate

The main gate of the Taj Mahal is made of red sandstone. Arabic calligraphy of the Holy Quran and motifs of interlaced flowers, leaves and vines swirl beneath. These carvings are made of semi-precious stones set in white marble. Entrance Gate of Taj Mahal always welcomes its visitors with a beautiful inscription, written in nakash calligraphy, over the entrance of the great gate that reads, “O soul, you are at peace. The Ninety-Nine Names of the Lord Calligraphy.” in the shape of O Great, O Glorious, O Great, O Unique, O Eternal, O Glorious
The entrance is an octagonal entrance, surrounded by small rooms on either side of the floor, with beautifully decorated doors on either side, one leading to the courtyard and the other to the temple. This gateway has strong balconies on three sides. The entrance door itself is a masterpiece of fine inlay work.

Main Entrance to the Taj Mahal Best Tourist Guide in India.

East Gate:
This gate is in front of the beautiful Taj Nature Walk and Fatehabad Town. Near this gate there is a domed tomb on a high platform. This tomb was built in the memory of Sirhindi Begum, the second wife of Shah Jahan. Hence this door is known as “Saarhi Dwar”. The main building is eight-sided, with twenty-four arches, a large hall and a verandah. This gate should be given priority to avoid the crowd.

West Gate:
This is the main gate of the Taj Mahal and this gate is in front of Hare Shah Jahan Garden, Agra Cantonment and Agra City. Outside this gate is a red sandstone building known as Fatehpur Begum, the second wife of Shah Jahan. It is built on a beautiful terrace. The counting yard is paved and measures 130 feet and can seat around 175 to 200 people for prayers.

Taj Mahal Garden

One of the main attractions of visiting the Taj Mahal is the garden adorning the monument of love.

The garden included waterways and fountains. It was a new type of horticulture introduced in India in the 16th century by Babur, the great-grandfather of Shah Jahan. Given the passage of time and the many interventions since the creation of the garden, it is difficult to determine the basic planting and arrangement plan of the garden beds in the crown.


Starting from the entrance and extending to the base of the tomb. The concept of this garden (known as Paradise Garden) built in the Persian Timurid style was brought by Babur. A unique feature is the use of the number four and its multiples during the construction of this garden. This was done because four is and its multiples considered the holiest number in Islam religion. The charming garden is divided into four sections, between which are two marble canals with fountains. Each quarter of the garden has 16 flower beds, each with 400 saplings. Taj Bagh is full of lush green trees, chirping birds, fruits, flowers and harmony, which reflects the abstract meaning of heaven. This whimsical setting makes a stunning backdrop for those perfect shots.

Inside Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal can be reached from the East, West and South gates. Within the grounds, ornamental gardens are laid out on classic Mughal charbagh lines (formal Persian gardens). The monument stands on a raised marble platform at the northern end of the garden, with its back to the Yamuna River. Its raised position is a masterstroke of design as it leaves only the sky as its backdrop. Each corner of the stage is decorated with 40 meters high white minarets. The crown itself is made of semi-translucent white marble, studded with thousands of semi-precious stones and inlaid with flowers. The four distinct faces of the crown are in perfect harmony, with impressive arches of patera dura scrollwork and Quranic passages. The entire structure is topped by four small domes.


Mumtaz Mahal’s graveyard is just below the main dome. It is a spacious mausoleum surrounded by a beautiful marble curtain set with a variety of semi-precious stones, complementing the harmony of the crown. Light enters the main hall through finely cut marble curtains. These tombs are false tombs masquerading as the real tombs of Queen Mumtaz Mahal, and Shah Jahan is located in a closed room below the main hall. The internal floor plan of the Taj reflects the principle of Hasta Behisht (Eight Levels), which connects the eight levels of heaven.

Quranic verses carved into the walls of the building and designed with semi-precious stones – coral, shell, carnelian, sapphire and lapis lazuli – enhance the grandeur of the crown’s white exterior. The principal subject of the carving is flowers, some recognizable and other spectacular floral species—another link to the paradise theme.

To the west of the complex is the red sandstone mosque, an important meeting place for Muslims living in Agra. A similar building on the east side was built to maintain harmony. Inside the Taj is the small Taj Museum which houses many Mughal miniatures. Its main attraction is a pair of 17th-century ivory paintings of Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. There are also some Caledon plates, which are said to crack or change color if the food served on them is poisoned.
History of Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal: at Night

Night viewing of the Taj Mahal is available five days a month, including the night of the full moon and the two nights before and after the full moon. All these aspects, the date and time of night sighting of the Taj are decided by the Archaeological Survey of India. Viewing the Taj Mahal at night takes about 30 minutes between 8:30 am to 12:30 pm in 8 batches of about 50 people. So only 400 people are allowed in a night.

While visiting the Taj Mahal at night, visitors have to reach the Shilpgram complex half an hour before their scheduled time. They are not allowed inside the monument at night and can see the Taj Mahal from a short distance. All luggage and belongings are to be deposited at the security counter before the night darshan begins. Video cameras are not allowed inside the monument during night viewing.


Facts and Myths about Taj Mahal

Facts and Myths about Taj Mahal
There is a popular story that the Taj Mahal was a Shiva temple built in the 12th century which was later converted into a monument to Mumtaz Mahal. This theory was developed by Mrs. Prashotham Nagesh Oak. He filed a petition to open the sealed basement rooms to prove his theory, but this was rejected by the Supreme Court in 2000.

A popular myth associated with the Taj Mahal is that the craftsmen who built it are to be mutilated. It is believed that when the construction was completed, Shah Jahan ordered the hands of the artisans of the project to be amputated so that no building in the world would be so beautiful again. However, there is no such historical evidence found to support this theory. Fortunately, this is a fake story and not true.

Local lore says that the Shah Jahan originally intended to build another mausoleum in black marble across the river to house his own remains. And a marble bridge with the Taj Mahal some says that Shah Jahan wanted to construct a shadow image across the Yamuna River an identical, but opposite Taj Mahal with black marble. where he would be entombed. Chronicles of the court, said that construction came to a halt after Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his own son Aurangzeb. Thus Emperor’s wish didn’t fulfil and he was buried on the side of his wife queen in the Taj Mahal in 1658.

Taj Mahal Museum

Within the Taj Mahal complex is the small but important Taj Museum, which is home to many original miniatures from the Mughal era. A highlight of the museum is a pair of 17th century ivory portraits of Shah Jahan and his wife. The museum also has a number of Caledon plates that discolor or shatter into pieces if poisoned food is served on them.

Museum Timings: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm Entry is Free.

Best Time to Visit Taj Mahal

The best time to visit the Taj Mahal is undoubtedly sunrise when it looks the most spectacular. It is also the most relaxing time to visit due to less crowds. Another magical time to see the Taj is at sunset. You can also visit it for five nights around the full moon. However, entry tickets are limited for the time being, and must be purchased a day in advance from the Archaeological Survey of India office.

To See Other Interesting Places near Taj Mahal

  • Agra Fort (Red Fort) 3.2 km.
  • Jehangir’s Palace 3 km.
  • Jama Masjid 4.1 km.
  • Mankameshwar Temple 4.5 km.
  • Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daulah (Baby Taj) 6.7 km.
  • Chini-ka-Rauza 7.2 km.
  • Mehtab Bagh Garden 7.8 km.
  • Dayal Bagh 8.5 km.
  • gurudwara guru ka taal 11.5 km.

How to Reach Taj Mahal

Reaching the Taj Mahal and visiting Agra can be done by Tonga, electric buses and tempo. There are also auto rickshaws and state buses. To reduce the impact of pollution on the monument, vehicles are not allowed around the Taj and are required to be parked in a parking lot a short distance from the temple. There are non-electric tourist buses for visitors to and from the parking lot.

The Taj Mahal and Agra Fort are quite close to each other, and you can walk between the two if there is not much sunlight. Otherwise, there are plenty of autos and battery-operated rickshaws plying between the two major monuments that charge minimal charges.

Taj Mahal by Train

The Taj Mahal is located in Agra, which is well connected by train to other major cities in India. Here are a few options for reaching the Taj Mahal by train:

  1. Take a train to Agra Cantonment Railway Station: Agra Cantonment Railway Station is the main railway station in Agra and is located about 6 kilometers from the Taj Mahal. You can take a taxi or auto rickshaw from the railway station to reach the Taj Mahal.
  2. Take a train to Agra Fort Railway Station: Agra Fort Railway Station is another major railway station in Agra and is located about 2 kilometers from the Taj Mahal. You can take a taxi or auto rickshaw from the railway station to reach the Taj Mahal.
  3. Take a train to Idgah Railway Station: Idgah Railway Station is the nearest railway station to the Taj Mahal and is located just 1 kilometer away. You can walk from the railway station to the Taj Mahal or take a short ride in a taxi or auto rickshaw.

It is recommended to book your train tickets in advance, as trains to Agra can get booked up quickly. You can book your tickets through the Indian Railways website or through a travel agent.

Taj Mahal Ticket

Entry Fee: Foreign Tourist Type Amount Rs.1100/- + 200/-
Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries Rs. 540/- + 200/-

Taj Mahal Visiting Timings:

Taj Mahal opens 30 Minutes before sunrise and closes 30 Minutes before sunset during normal operating days). Taj Mahal is closed on Friday. only accessible to practicing Muslims to attend the prayers in the afternoon

Night Entry Timings:

  • Night viewing is allowed on five days every month – on the full moon night and two nights before and two after the full moon.
  • 8:30 pm to 12:30 am only Taj is close on Friday and during the month of Ramzan.
Still CameraFree, but photography prohibited inside the main Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal: Time Required 2.5 hours.

Taj Mahal Wikipedia : Click http://www.tajmahal.gov.in/

Taj Mahal Guide and Information call +919811500757 Best Tourist Guide in India .

Thank you for reading about Taj Mahal History and Architecture. I am sure you have wonderful time and will remember it for the rest of the years. Wish to see you soon Good Bye.



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