Kashmiri carpets
India Tour Guide

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty

Kashmir carpets history is a true masterpiece of craftsmanship, combining traditional design with modern aesthetics. Made by skilled artisans in the Kashmir region of India, these rugs are known for their luxurious textures, intricate patterns, and rich, vibrant colors. The wool used in their production is of the highest quality, giving the rugs a soft, luxurious feel, Kashmir carpets are a testament to the elegance and beauty of traditional craftsmanship, a touch of sophistication and luxury to any home or office.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
The land is filled with breathtaking scenery, amazing flora, splendid architecture and there are quaint homestays and eco-friendly resorts that visitors can choose from.

Jammu and Kashmir, is state of India and is a piece of paradise on earth, is the and is situated mostly in the Himalayan mountains. Kashmir is an epitome of natural beauty, and is famous all over the world for it. You can indulge your senses in the many lakes, gardens and hill stations that attract thousands of tourists every year. You will give many reasons to come back for more. I as a Kashmir Tour Guide and a Art lover have an opportunity to spend time with the artisans and their families came to know the Kashmir carpets history Art & Designs

Kashmir Carpets History: Untangling the Roots, Tracing the Origins

Hand Knotted Carpets have been around for thousands of years with the oldest rug on record being the Pazyryk Persian Rug, dating back to the 4th century B.C. In the 2,400 years since that rug’s creation, hand-knotting has seen its popularity rise and fall. The art of Hand-knotted Carpets making probably developed in the plains of Central Asia several thousand years ago. The nomads needed some protection from the bitter cold, something that was more easily handled than a parchment cover. They were also decorating their tent. The materials used for warp, weft and pile came from herds of goats and flocks of sheep.

The looms, in their simplest form, were made of two wooden ribs that were secured to the ground and warp was tied between them. The advantage of these horizontal looms, which are still used by nomads today, is that they bend easily and can be carried to the next campground. The pattern on these early Hand-knotted Carpets was made up of geometric or curved motifs. Kashmir carpets are beautiful handmade art with details of texture, materials, techniques and decorative pictures and designs.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
The Master Artist of the Universe is the creator of all things and is reflected in all of us. Only the artist who knows that he is a reflection of this greatness, and that creativity is supreme love, is a truly divine artist. When you see the Kashmir carpet with your own eyes and see it in reality, it is your world at that moment.

Kashmir Carpets History: From the Land of Beauty, A Journey Through Time

Hand-made Kashmir carpets in India starts its journey as a canvas stretched on a frame. The origin of the carpet is still unknown in world history as the art object in question is deteriorating. The history of Kashmir carpets dates back to the time of a Sufi mystic Hazrat Mir Syed Ali Hamdani. The origin of hand knotted carpets locally known as “Kal baffi” dates back to 15th century after which it progressively attained the high degree of perfection.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty

It is said that Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin.(popularly known as Budshah)  brought carpet weavers from Persia and central Asia Turkistan into Kashmir to train the local inhabitants. established the cashmere industry. The art of carpet weaving usually resides within the family, passing on inherited artistic skills and techniques from father to son. The tomb of the eighth sultan of Kashmir, Zain-ul-Abidin, in the heart of the city. It was during his reign that the people of Kashmir learned the art of hand knotted carpets, weaving.

The Kashmir Carpets History: Passed Down Through Generations


The art of carpet weaving in Kashmir is passed down from generation and most of them prefer to weave traditional carpets by hand. The process of making a Kashmir carpets is labor intensive and involves a lot of time and different steps, starting with the cultivation, treatment and dyeing of silk or wool, pattern setting, weaving and then adding the final touches.

On April 29, 1865, a peaceful procession Kashmir Carpets and Shawl weavers marched towards the Zadgar field in Srinagar, protesting against such a back-breaking tax in the history of the world’s labor struggle, which they felt the organized people had forgotten. Has given The reason for this may be that the labor movement did not take place in Europe or the United States. While the world has easily forgotten the greatest milestone in modern history, Kashmir should not have followed it. Read the Article

In the mid-18th century, the Crystal Palace in London exhibited Kashmir Carpets from the Mughal era, and Europeans were impressed. Soon, Kashmiri artisans began designing rugs that matched Western tastes. The Universal Exhibition of London in 1851, where shawls and Kashmir carpets were featured, was a major milestone for Kashmir’s products. As British rule quickly engulfed almost the whole of the subcontinent, carpet production drifted towards the hackneyed substitute of an industry that was once the pride of Imperial India.

Hand-knotted Carpets India, Kashmir
A rug describes the interior of a room. A carpet can really ‘anchor’ a room, in terms of interior design, which means it can pull together all the decorative elements and present a room that is easy on the eyes.

How long do hand-knotted Kashmir carpets and rugs last:

Traditional Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets, are a valuable collection that can be passed down from one generation to the next. Traditional handmade Kashmir carpets stand the test of time and can last for decades and even a lifetime, provided they are properly cared for and maintained.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty

Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets, are really durable and can last a long time. They are made from the finest wool so it makes them stronger than other types of carpets available in the market. The maintenance costs of these carpets are also low, so you will not spend much to keep these carpets clean all the time. Kashmir also excels in manufacture of silk carpets. Designs and patterns in Kashmir carpets continue to be predominantly inspired by classical Persian and Central – Asia rugs. Thus Kashmir has been creating Kashan and Kirman, Tabriz and Isfahan, Meshed and Bokhara with such superb artistry that these can compare with the best in the regions of their origin. attractive local variations have also been evolved. Kashmir carpets usually come in the sizes of 2’x3′; 2 1/2’x4′; 3’x5′; 6’x4′; 6’x9′

Kashmir carpets and Rugs: Art Making Quality and Introduction.

A carpet factory in Kashmir known locally as Kharkhana, a place of work where weavers work together to create masterpieces of art. Sometimes families sit together on a rug during the different stages of carpet work. Generally, a carpet takes an average of 2 years to complete. Depending on the size and design of the carpet, it may take longer.

Carpet weaving is a three-step process that involves many people, starting with a designer, dyer, weaver and ending with a businessman who brings them to the world.

They use the most skilled carpet weavers to make one knot at a time. Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets are of great quality and these are masterpieces you can walk on. Handmade carpets are unique and are often woven using materials such as pure silk, wool, bamboo silk and cotton. These rugs have a lot of flatter Ness and the density of planets per square inch on the back of the carpet tells its quality. One carpet per square inch is considered a better-quality carpet with more dense knots.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty

Kashmir Carpet Weavers at The Indian Institute of Carpet Technology (IICT) has established eight centers in different parts of Kashmir to conduct training for artisans. New fabrics and newer designs have been introduced in carpet weaving. 

In Kashmir Carpets History: Government Initiatives

The government is taking steps to revive the Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets sector in Jammu and Kashmir. Some young Kashmiri people are working towards introducing calligraphy and other modern designs in hand knotted carpets weaving. Handicrafts are being promoted more effectively in this state so that buyers from all over the world are once again attracted to Kashmir carpets. Such efforts will surely increase the sales of these carpets and help in improving the economy of Kashmir.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty

Kashmir Carpet Technology Institute Srinagar

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty

Indian Institute of Carpet Technology (IICT), Srinagar, Baghe-Ali-Mardan Khan,Nowshera, Srinagar-190011, Jammu & Kashmir (India)

Exploring the Kashmir Carpets History: The Artistry and Tradition

Hand-knotted Kashmir Carpets are from 200 knots to 900 knots/sq. inch both in wool & silk yarn have attained such excellence that they rank amongst the finest in the world. The loom used in Kashmir carpets weaving is composed of two horizontal wooden beams between which the wrap threads are stretched, one beam in front of the weaver and the second behind the first. The difference between a hand knotted carpets and other hand woven rugs lies in the fact that short lengths of the thread or yarn are tied to wrap chains to form the pile of the carpet. These are commonly called knots though it is a loop rather than an actual knot.[ Kashmir Carpets and Rugs ]

There are different types of knots in Kashmir carpets, the Farsi baff and the Persian system known as Sehna, or Sinneh, knot is originally used. Very simple tools are used to thread these knots, a wood or Metal comb to push knots and weft tightly together and pair of short scissors to cut the pile of the carpet to an even form once it is finished. Kashmir. Some very fine silk carpets in different sizes have been created with density of knots as high as 3600 knots per sq. inch but these are rare Exhibits, of skill and mainly made for display or museum pieces.

The designs are reveals itself along the weft lines in wool or silk, while the warp is drawn in cotton. Quality and hence value, is determined by the number of knots to the square inch and fineness of the material used. The assortment of Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpets is crafted from premium quality Silk / Wool. Provide a stylish and regal look to the modest décor with the Hand Knotted Carpets. Clients can avail from us the Handmade Carpets in diverse dimensions, hues and textures.

Kashmir Carpets History: The Beauty of Most Popular Designs

Inspired by Persian carpet weaving, Kashmiri weavers initially created their own designs and shapes of dame, which were classified as oriental carpets. Over time, however, Kashmiri artisans improved upon this blessed craft and inspired new local designs and designs. Although thousands of different shapes and images are used in Kashmir carpets, here are some famous features of Kashmiri carpets.

Gulabdar – The Kashmiri Rose. Tree of Life – The majestic tree depiction home to the native birds.

Gumm – The maze pattern.  Bagdar – The Garden View. All Over – An area spread floral pattern.

Dabdar – The box pattern. Lotus – The Lotus flower inspired pattern.

Khatam Band – Intricate Wood Art inspired motif.

Hamdan, Ardabil, Kashan, Kirman and Tabriz are other famous carpet motifs that are actually inspired by the Persian Art.

“Art is Boarder less and Values of Art is Time less”

Kashmir carpets History: Connecting to the Divine Through Art.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
 Finely woven and employing luxuriously soft pashmina wool in an extremely intricate design, these rugs were expensive to make and therefore available to only the most wealthy clientele. These rugs have continued to be revered by collectors over time. 

Dua [Prayer] carpets were also woven in the kani technique (twill tapestry), with Burns emphasizing the uniqueness of these particular kani weaves and their confusion with the original rugs, who wrote in 1840: “Let me mention Kashmir carpets here. Kani Since prayer rugs were always made in pairs, in fact, the famous identity pairs of Mughal carpets are still found in the evidence available today, although it is not known whether they were made in a systematic way. It is more likely that Kani Namaz carpet was always a pair of things. we know little about its composition. In Iran During Humayun’s exile, for example, pairs of carpets were specially invited by Shah Tahmasp. Ra: “Every rich man should offer three pairs of carpets, each measuring 12 dar…”

Lahore was to be one of the busiest cities in India after Kashmir, as Fazal said “… there are over a thousand workshops”; Of course, the looms numbered in the thousands. This means that the letter strongly establishes Lahore and Kashmir as centers of imperialist weaving, and further suggests that the production of royal carpets, at least in Pashmina, involved the joint efforts of the two regions.
Francois Bernier, witnessing the shawl industry first hand, emphasizes this point, and admits that “Great pains have been taken to manufacture similar shawls in Patna, Agra and Lahore, but notwithstanding every possible care, they never have the delicate texture and softness of the Kashmir Carpets.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
Magic of Falling in Love with the Kashmir Carpets.

The magic of falling in love. And where can you find more romance than the story of Aladdin and his beloved Jasmine, flying on their magic carpet? Magic flying rugs have mobilized lovers and made dreams come true in old stories like the Bible. According to one version, the queen of Sheba sent her lover King Solomon a magical carpet of green silk adorned with gold and jewels. Another version believes that it was God who sent the king the magic carpet.

There is also the story of the great love of the prince. This Persian folk tale tells us the story of a young and beautiful Arab virgin princess, Sheherzada, who seduces Shah Shahryar from telling her story. In this story, she tells the drama of magical flying carpets, jinns and mighty lamps. For 1001 nights he ruled the king with his stories until the king fell in love with him so much that he gave her life and made her his queen.

The story of the Kashmir carpets, weaver tells an interesting story. When King Balsh’s magnificent diamond is accidentally destroyed by a clumsy thief, the king’s page finds the scattered ornament and summons the king to the area. The king looks at the pieces of diamonds scattered in the landscape like a magnificent Persian carpet, and cannot refuse to go away. The clever carpet weavers of the palace, however, created another area of ​​carpet, which was made of silk in the colors of precious jewels, which was even more magnificent than real diamonds. The king returns home, for joy returns to his heart.

Kashmir Carpets: Jamruda The Story Behind

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty

“I was a little girl when my uncle taught me the art of Kashmir carpets weaving,” Jamruda told New Lines during an interview at her home. Perhaps that is how she became so adept at reading the Taleem (coded instructions for weaving), which may have required years of professional training. Jamruda teaches it to other women in the village, although education and carpet weaving is a perishable art.

Kashmir Carpets: Hamadan The Artistry and Tradition

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
Kashmir Carpets of Hamadan Designs

Hamdan is a collective term for a variety of carpets in the vicinity of the city of the same name. Hamdan carpets are handmade, high quality hand knotted carpets made in and around the western Iranian city of Hamdan. Known as city of knots. Whether pattern, quality, strength and density of the knot – almost anything is possible. Basically simple features can be found under the plural word Hamdan. City of Hamdan is home to many poets and cultural figures. The city is also said to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Hamdan has always been known for its handicrafts such as leather, ceramics and carpets.
The Hamdan carpets in particular has a good reputation. . Unfortunately, these carpets are rare. Kashmir carpets of this designs are popular all over the world and suits the taste of every home.

Kashmir Carpets History: Trible Rugs a Window into the Past:

Thanks for reading The Wonders of “Tribal Style Carpets” Inspired by Gypsy Artisans.
This is a somewhat broad category and it is sometimes difficult to know how to classify a particular carpet. In short, tribal carpets are carpets woven by nomadic or semi-nomadic tribal weavers

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
the tribal art is without a set design or pattern in mind, making each rug truly unique, and an expression of the weaver’s own stories and creativity, with imperfections that add to the beauty.

Tribal carpets are known for their more geometric shapes. The combination of designs and colors was a truly indigenous inspiration. The origin and meaning of the design is also shrouded in mystery. Some rugs have distinctive zoomorphic designs and patterns that are clearly influenced by plants and flowers. But many designs are extremely abstract. Certain stimuli are known to confer magical and protective properties. It is widely believed that the art and craft of handmade carpets originated from the nomadic Central Asian nomadic nomads. These nomads used to make wool from their sheep. Although wool is used throughout Central Asia to make tents for tents and flat fabrics, the theory is that it was nomadic tribes who first mastered the pile technique and that this latest technology later spread over the centuries.

Kashmir Carpets History of Hawa Mahal Purdah Design

Enchanting and charming, Our Antique Persian handmade Glorious Hawa Mahal Wind Palace Pistachio Green wool Rug is an easy way to refresh the look of even your most traditional interior spaces. Allow its soft, soothing color scheme to enhance the look of your favorite areas while also putting an enchanting twist on your existing décor.

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
Beautiful Kashmir Carpets in Blue, Hawa Mahal – Design is a passion for Jaipur from it’s very core. Inspired by the most famous of Jaipur’s landmarks, The Wind Palace, the pop of yellow will complement any garden and home.

Hawa Mahal is a palace located in Jaipur, India. Constructed of red and pink sandstone, it is situated on the banks of the City Palace, Jaipur and extends to the Women’s Room. Its five-storey exterior looks like a honeycomb with 953 small windows adorned with intricate lattices called jharokhas. The original purpose of the lattice design was to allow royal women to observe everyday life and festivities in the lower streets without being seen, as they had to adhere to the strict “veil” rules, which required them to wear face masks. was. He was forbidden to appear in public without cover.

C.I.E. the Masters in Kashmir Carpets History

Kashmir Carpets History Art-Timeless Tradition of Handmade Beauty
One of the Best Carpets in India.

Cottage Industries Exposition Ltd. Can’t remember how old the business is, although CIE as it is today was formalized in 1978. His ancestors, he learns, were in the business of selling silk carpets, and he inherited it. “It must be two or three generations old,” he says, trying to put the legacy in some kind of perspective. The small business, which probably cost a few lakhs at the time, is today a thriving business worth billions only in silk rugs. Today, CIE has outlets across the world and in major cities in India. CIE web site.

Art is never finished, only abandoned.” – Leonardo Da Vinci


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