Jama Masjid History Architecture Timings Metro Tour Guide
Welcome to the historic Jama Masjid of Delhi, the largest mosque in the Indian subcontinent! Built in 1656 at Old Delhi, this stunning architectural marvel is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Delhi. As a Delhi Tour Guide, I am excited to share with you all the information you need to know about Jama Masjid, from its rich history and intricate architecture to the best times to visit and the nearest metro station for easy access. But that’s not all – I’ll also be sharing with you the top food spots and restaurants in the area so you can indulge in some of the most delicious and authentic Indian cuisine. As the famous quote goes, “The culture of a nation resides in the hearts and souls of its people.” I hope that your visit to Jama Masjid is not only interesting but also a memorable experience that will stay with you forever. Let’s get started on this journey through history and culture!
Jama Masjid: Fascinating History of a Mughal Architecture
Welcome to the Jama Masjid in Delhi, a historical and architectural wonder that holds immense significance in the history of India. As your tour guide, let me take you back to the 17th century when the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan decided to move his capital from Agra to Delhi and founded the walled city of Shahjahanabad. The Jama Masjid was designated as the main mosque of the new city and was built from 1650-56, representing the grandeur of Mughal architecture. Read: Taj Mahal history Architecture.
The Jama Masjid is more than just a religious site for Delhi’s Muslims, it is also a symbol of the city’s history and culture. Its name “Jama Masjid” translates to “Friday Mosque” in Arabic and it is where the city’s Muslims traditionally gather for Friday congregational prayers. The longer name, Masjid Jahan numa, translates to “The Mosque that Reflects the World” or “The Mosque that Reveals the World”, emphasizing its grandeur and importance. Imam Syed Abdul Ghafoor Shah Bukhari, from Bukhara, present day Uzbekistan, who was appointed as a first Imam of the Jama Masjid.
The mosque is constructed on a broad stone platform accessible from three sides by steps to the east, north, and south. The eastern gate, the largest of the three, serves as the royal entrance and remains closed on weekdays. The mosque faces west towards the holy city of Mecca, and its three sides are covered with open cusped arched gallery supported by pillars, in the center of which is a massive minaret-archway. The roof of the mosque is surmounted with three marble domes with alternating bands of black and white marble, adding to its architectural beauty.
During the Mutiny of 1857, a ‘madrasa’ near the southern end of the mosque was destroyed and occupied with the intention of demolishing the mosque, but fierce resistance and opposition forced the British Government to withdraw. Even during those tumultuous times, the people of Delhi fought fiercely to protect their heritage.
Today, the Jama Masjid remains a significant site for both tourists and locals alike, with its magnificent architecture and historical relics. The construction of this mosque was done by a team of about 5000 skilled artisans, using red sandstone as the main building material, and some white marble was also used. It stands more than 30 feet above the road, giving the mosque a beautiful view of the surrounding area.
Thank you for choosing to visit the Jama Masjid with me as your tour guide. I hope you’ve enjoyed learning about its rich history and experiencing its architectural beauty.
Jama Masjid: Historical Anecdotes of a Mughal Architecture
In the annals of Indian history, the Jama Masjid stands as a testament to the architectural brilliance of Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor who commissioned its construction. Built during his reign, it is one of the last architectural marvels that he oversaw. The eastern gate of the mosque was used by the emperor himself, while the northern gate was reserved for the nobles. The southern gate was meant for the common people, a gesture that endeared him to the masses. The beauty and grandeur of the mosque was such that it inspired his son Aurangzeb, who later used it as a blueprint for designing the Badshahi Masjid in Lahore.
Sadly, the mosque was not immune to the ravages of time and the tumultuous events that marked India’s history. During the Revolution of 1857, it suffered significant damage and the madrasa that once graced its premises was destroyed. Restoration works began years later, with the help of the last Nizam of Hyderabad, who generously donated 3 lakhs rupees for the renovation of the entire mosque floor.
While the Jama Masjid is a true marvel of Mughal architecture, it is not the largest mosque in India, as many believe. That distinction belongs to the Taj-ul-Masjid in Bhopal, which can accommodate up to 175,000 devotees. However, the Jama Masjid’s strategic location, in a straight line between Connaught Place and Parliament House, makes it a symbol of the country’s rich cultural heritage and a popular destination for visitors from all over the world.
Read: The History and Architecture of Red fort of Delhi Built by Shajahan.
Jama Masjid Delhi Architecture
The Jama Masjid in Delhi is a true architectural marvel, with its imposing stone platform and majestic facade leaving visitors in awe. The mosque’s entrance is accessed by three sets of steps from the east, north, and south, with the eastern gate being the grandest of them all. As one gazes westward from the mosque, they are met with a breathtaking view of the holy city of Mecca. The mosque’s sides are adorned with intricately designed open cusped arched galleries supported by towering pillars, with the central minaret-archway serving as a testament to the grandeur of Mughal architecture. The mosque’s roof boasts three stunning marble domes, each adorned with alternating bands of black and white marble. This masterpiece of a mosque was designed by the legendary Ustad Khalil and built under the watchful eye of Sadullah Khan, the wazir of Shah Jahan’s reign.
The Jama Masjid is a true architectural marvel, with a design that leaves visitors in awe. The mosque is oriented in a way that the faithful face the holy city of Mecca while praying. The grand courtyard in front of the eastern entrance is nothing short of impressive, capable of accommodating 25,000 worshippers. The eastern entrance, once reserved for royalty, is the largest and most opulent of the entrances. Smaller doors are used by the common people on the north and south sides of the building. The dome is a true masterpiece, with gold ornaments adorning it in all their glory. Two towering minarets, 40 meters high and adorned with longitudinal bands of white marble and red sandstone, flank the dome on either side. The south tower is open to the public and offers a breathtaking view of Delhi from the top, including the Sansad Bhavan and Connaught Place, in line with the Jama Masjid. The architect Edwin Lutyens, who designed New Delhi, incorporated this feature. Three projecting galleries separate the minarets and form an open twelve-sided domed mandapa that is sure to take your breath away. Let our Jama Masjid tour guide take you on a journey through this architectural wonder.
The courtyard in front of the mosque covers an area of 408 square feet and can accommodate 25,000 people during prayers. There is a pool in the center of the courtyard for washing hands, face and feet before entering the main hall for prayer. The mosque is 80 meters long and 27 meters wide and has a central prayer hall with seven arched entrances on the west side (toward Mecca) with a traditional mihrab (qibla) for the worshipper. The walls of the mosque are covered with marble. Height up to waist level. These arched entrances have white marble plaques, 1.2 m x 0.76 m, with inscriptions in black marble detailing the history of the mosque, praising Shah Jahan’s reign and virtues. On the slab above the central arch are the two simple words “The Guide!” engraved with ! A huge hall with 260 pillars is located in the western part of the mosque and is decorated with sculptures of Jain and Hindu architectural styles. Floral motifs or calligraphic inscriptions adorn the arches, walls, under the arches and under the domes, pillars and floors of the mosque.
Two 130-foot (40 m) towers mark the northeast and southeast corners of the building. The largest interior space is the prayer hall, 90 × 200 ft (27.4 × 60.96 m). There are calligraphic inscriptions in Farsi above the entrances to the prayer hall. Three large marble domes rise from the roof of the prayer hall.
Jama Masjid Delhi: Relics of Prophet Mohamad
Let me tell you a story of the Jama Masjid, a monument that stands as a witness to the rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. As a tour guide, I feel honored to share the legends and facts behind this iconic mosque.
The Jama Masjid of Delhi is not just a monument of architectural beauty, but it is also a treasure trove of priceless relics. As you step inside the mosque, you’ll be mesmerized by the holy aura that surrounds you. One of the most revered relics is the Prophet’s beard and the hair of his family, a precious reminder of the Prophet’s presence on earth. The mosque also houses the footprints of the Prophet in marble and a shoe made of camel skin. These relics are not only a testimony to the Prophet’s life but also a symbol of the Islamic faith.
Another treasure that the Jama Masjid proudly houses is the 1,400-year-old Holy Quran. Written on deer skin by the Prophet’s son-in-law and loyal commander Hazrat Ali, this Quran is a rare and priceless work of art. It is said that the pages of the Quran were stained with the Prophet’s blood during a battle, making it even more precious to the Islamic community.
The journey of these relics is as fascinating as the relics themselves. During the golden age of the Mughal Empire, these sacred relics were brought to India from Baghdad. They were a part of the Mughal heritage and thus the treasure of the ruling monarch. However, it was Shah Jahan, after founding Shahjahanabad, who removed the sacred relics from his treasury and placed them in the Jama Masjid. He entrusted the protection of these holy relics to Hussaini Syed, and till today, the responsibility of safeguarding these relics lies with his descendants. Take a Look.
As a tour guide, I invite you to witness the glory of these relics and experience the spiritual essence of the Jama Masjid. Let this journey take you back in time to the Mughal era and immerse yourself in the rich culture and heritage of India.
Read: Famous Temples in Delhi are the cultural heritage.
Jama Masjid: A Tourist Guide to India’s Largest Mosque
Today, one of Delhi’s top tourist places is the centuries-old Jama Masjid, counted among the largest mosques in India. This majestic mosque draws travelers and devotees from all corners of the country and beyond. During Id, the mosque witnesses a huge congregation of worshippers who gather here to offer prayers or namaz. Although there are two minarets inside the mosque, only the one at the southern end is open to the public for a nominal fee. In the evenings the Jama Masjid is illuminated, making it a sight to behold. To enter the Jama Mosque, appropriate dress is required. If you come for a visit, prayer robes can be hired at the northern gate. With a rich history and stunning architecture, a visit to the Jama Masjid is a must for any tourist exploring Delhi. Delhi Tour Guide-Harry.
At Jama Masjid Delhi, It is important to note that visitors are expected to dress decently (avoid wearing shorts and skirts) . Gowns for ladies wearing shorts, Lungis for men to cover their legs are available at the gate. Remove your shoes before entering the Jama Masjid Delhi. Shoe keeper is at the entry once your visit is over, pay a little tip. Visitors should also respect the religious significance of the mosque and refrain from making loud noises or taking photographs during prayers. Take a Look.
Despite the throngs of tourists, the mosque still manages to maintain a peaceful and contemplative atmosphere, allowing visitors to reflect and appreciate the beauty of the place. There is so much silence in Delhi’s Jama Masjid that even the sound of birds can be heard like call to prayer in the blowing wind. The noise of cleaning gives the illusion of turning a page of a Holy book, Walk in the courtyard of the Shahi Masjid, One can feel the sense of serenity that pervades the entire place. The soft cooing of pigeons hovering above the mosque, the rustling of leaves in the trees and the distant sounds of traffic combine to create a soothing soundtrack. Every stone and pillar has a story to tell. Intricate carvings on the walls, geometric patterns on the floor, and delicate calligraphy carved into the arches are reminiscent of the rich Mughal history and architecture. Jama Masjid is not only a place of worship, but also a testament to the resilience and enduring beauty of India’s diverse communities.
Read: The Red Fort of Delhi opposite to Jama Masjid Built by Shah Jahan.
Best Time to Visit Jama Masjid
Best time to visit the mosque is in the morning or late evening. From12.30 to 2.45 Jama Masjid is close for visitors. Jama Masjid remains the most active on the occasion of Eid. Jamia Masjid and Chandni Chowk become ten times more crowed in the month of Ramzan.
Jama Masjid Timings
Timings : All days of the week: 7:00 AM – 12:00 PM, 1:30 PM – 6:30 PM
Non-Muslim 8:00 AM – 30 minutes before sunset
Minaret 9 AM – 5.30 PM
At least 2 hours Time required to Visit Jama Majid.
Jama Masjid Entry Ticket
As there is no ticket for Jama Masjid Delhi. There is a small fee for Foreign visitors to enter Jama Masjid. Tickets usually cost around 300/ INR (Indian Rupee). Tickets can be purchased at the entry gate. and ticket sales go towards the maintenance and protection of the mosque. All are Welcome. Take a Look.
If You Wish to Climb the Minar Ticket cost is 100/ INR.
Jama Masjid Nearby Places to Visit
Jama Masjid in Delhi is not only a religious destination but also a hub for sightseeing. The nearby Chandni Chowk Market offers a perfect blend of old and new culture. The famous Shri Digamber Jain Lal Mandir and Red Fort are just a kilometer away. For those interested in exploring other religious places, Fatehpuri Masjid, Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib, and Gauri Shankar Mandir are all located within a few kilometers. Stephen’s Church and Raj Ghat are also within a 3 km radius. And if you’re a foodie, the Khari Baoli Spice Market is a must-visit for some delicious and aromatic spices. India Gate, a war memorial, is a short drive away, while Humayun’s Tomb is located at a distance of 9.9 km. With so many attractions nearby, Jama Masjid in Delhi serves as a great starting point for your tour of the city.
Old Havelis and Legendary Bazars Enjoy a Heritage Walk in Old Delhi Near Jama Masjid.
Jama Masjid Delhi Restaurants Nearby
There are many restaurants near Jama Masjid in Old Delhi, as the area is a popular tourist destination and a hub of cultural and culinary activity. These are just a few examples of the many dining options that can be found in the area around Jama Masjid Delhi. Whether you are looking for traditional Indian cuisine, street food, or something sweet, you are sure to find something to suit your taste in this vibrant and lively neighborhood. Rikshaw Ride is a good way to travel in the narrow lanes of Old Delhi.
- Karim’s: A well-known restaurant that serves traditional Mughlai cuisine.
- Aslam Chicken Corner: A popular spot for chicken dishes and kebabs.
- Al Jawahar: A popular restaurant known for its hearty Mughlai food.
- Haji Shabrati Chicken Corner: Another popular spot for chicken dishes and kebabs.
- Natraj Dahi Bhalle Wala: A popular street food vendor known for its dahi bhalle (deep-fried lentil balls in yogurt).
These are just a few examples of the many restaurants and street food vendors that can be found in the area around Jama Masjid. There is a wide variety of cuisines and dining options available, including Indian, Mughlai, Chinese, and more.
- Paranthe Wali Gali: This narrow street is lined with shops and stalls selling a variety of stuffed Indian breads known as parathas.
- Ghantewala Halwai: A popular sweet shop that has been in business for over 200 years and is known for its traditional Indian sweets and snacks.
- Chawri Bazar: A busy market area that is known for its food stalls and small restaurants serving a variety of local and regional dishes.
- Chandni Chowk: A bustling market area that is a short walk from Jama Masjid and is home to many restaurants and street food vendors.
- Old Famous Jalebi Wala: A popular shop known for its jalebi, a sweet made of deep-fried flour that is soaked in syrup.
Meena Bazaar near Jama Masjid Delhi
the bustling streets of Old Delhi, where the iconic Jama Masjid stands tall, inviting visitors from all over the world to witness its grandeur. But that’s not all – just a stone’s throw away from the mosque lies the vibrant Meena Bazaar, a famous market known for its colorful atmosphere and traditional handicrafts. As your tour guide, let me show you around this popular destination for tourists seeking to experience local culture and shop for souvenirs.
The market offers a wide range of goods, including clothing, jewelry, and textiles, all bursting with a riot of colors and patterns that reflect the rich heritage of India. As you navigate through the lanes, don’t hesitate to haggle for the best price and strike up a conversation with the friendly shopkeepers.
To reach Meena Bazaar, simply walk east from the mosque for a few minutes, and you’ll find yourself in a lively and bustling area that captures the essence of Old Delhi. Don’t miss out on this unique opportunity to explore the vibrant culture and history of India.
Jama Masjid Nearest Metro Station
Jama Masjid station on the violet line is the nearest metro station, Yellow Line Chawari Bazaar Station is 10 Minutes Walk or 20/ for E Rikshaw up to Gate no. 3. The Chawri Bazar metro station is located just a few minutes’ walk from Jama Masjid, so it is very convenient for travelers who want to visit the mosque. You will see the mosque on your left as you approach it.
Jama Masjid F.A.Q.
Q1. Is Jama Masjid a Protected Monument?
A: ASI protects more than 4000 monuments in the country. Jama Masjid is not among these monuments, but if the state government offers us the intervention of ASI for maintenance by the central government, we can take up the offer.
Q2. What is the another name of Jama mosque?
A: Jama Masjid of Delhi, Jama Masjid also known as Jami Masjid, Jama Masjid of Delhi also known as Masjid e Jahanuma, at the time it was built at Shahjahanabad by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1650-56. (Read the news).
Q3. What for Jama Masjid Famous for?
A: The Jama Masjid is a major tourist attraction in Delhi and is often featured in travel guides and other resources, which may also be of interest to the mosque. Another reason may be that they are interested in learning about Islam and the role of mosques in Muslim culture and practice. The Jamia Masjid is the largest mosque in Delhi. The mosque is near the Lal Qila (Red Fort), another building of Emperor Shah Jahan.
Q4. Where is Jama Masjid Located?
A: Jama Masjid is Located in the Old Delhi, now popularly called Chandni Chowk and surrounded by beautiful Mughal structures and Legendry Bazaar.
Q5. Jama Majid Minars Height?
A: Jama Masjid Minar is 40 meters in Height.
After visiting the Jama Masjid and nearby bazaars with your tour guide, you are left with an unforgettable experience that will stay with you forever. The grandeur of the mosque and its rich history, combined with the vibrant atmosphere and colorful markets. The sounds of the bustling bazaars, the fragrant aroma of spices, and the vivid colors of traditional handicrafts all worked together to create a truly immersive experience. You felt a sense of connection with the local culture and traditions. You left with a newfound appreciation for the beauty and diversity of Old Delhi, and memories that you will cherish for a lifetime.