the red fort of delhi

Red Fort (Lal Qila) Delhi – History, Architecture, Time Ticket Metro Station.

Red Fort is an Amazing fort complex to Visit in Delhi as a Tourist. Red Fort is a historical fort in Old Delhi area. It was built by Shah Jahan in 1639 as a result of shifting the capital from Agra to Delhi. Used as the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty, this great piece of architecture derives its name from its impenetrable red sandstone walls. Apart from housing the emperors and their families, it was the ceremonial and political center of the Mughal state and the setting for events that profoundly affected the region. Today, the monument is home to several museums with valuable artifacts on display. Every year on Independence Day, the Indian Prime Minister hoists the national flag here.

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Red Fort of Delhi

The Red Fort of Delhi is like a  story of Fairy Tale of Mughal Emperors 

        Red fort of Delhi and its Interesting Palaces in this Video

Red Fort OF Delhi

 Red Fort OF Delhi its History

Stunning red sand stone wall of complex  which covers an area of 255 acres (104 ha) enclosed by 2.5 kilometers of defensive walls, punctuated by bastions and turrets and that varies in height from eighteen  to sixty feet on the river bank side to hundred and eight feet on the main city side. The fort is octagonal in shape was originally built to be refer as ” Qila e Mubarak “the Fortunate Citadel. The fort has four gates — Lahori Gate at the main west side, Yamuna Gate or Khzir Gate on the east, Delhi Gate or Akbarabadi Gate at the South and Jahangiri Gate towards the north. The Jahangiri Gate connects to the next to Saleemgarh Fort, The Red Fort is one of the fort complexes in India which encapsulate a long period of history and arts. The Red fort was  built as a royal residence of the great Mughals. In there new capital  Shajahanbad.

Red Fort Architecture

The seventh city of Delhi. Shah Jahan the builder of Taj Mahal had a passion for buildings and architecture , Shahjahanabad was one of the planned city. When he decided to shift the capital from Agra in 1639, he decided and instructed architects, engineers and astrologers at the court to search for a suitable site, between Agra and the Lahore now in Pakistan.This red fort was to be the epicenter of Shahjahanabad,. The Mughal emperor Shajahan”s new capital, location was chosen at Delhi. – its location on the banks of the river Yamuna was apt, Delhi had been the capital of kings before and it was the final resting place of Sufi saints, bringing the touch of the scared souls. According to the historians, to study the architecture pattern of Shahjahanabad city, the semi-circular style in design of the arched bow-shape design in ancient Hindu texts of vastu shastra. in the meddle of this settlement was Qila-i-Mubarak, the blessed -fortress. The city was encircled with a security wall with 14 gates, from where Shahjahanabad gets its title of Walled City. Parts of the city wall can still remains at few places. Five of the gates still survive.

In the year 1656, the Jama Masjid largest mosque in India was constructed on an elevated site called as bojhala pahar near the Red fort of Delhi . Two main boulevards, known as Chandni Chowk and the Faiz Bazar at present-day Daryaganj are famous and crowded markets, but Nahar-i-Bahisht, a canal in the middle of Chandni Chowk, is now no longer exists. King Shah Jahan had personally overseen the planning of the city, and directing a primary mosque or the Jama e Masjid to be built, gardens to be laid, canals to be rebuilt, boulevards to be constructed. For more than 30 years, Shahjahanabad thrived, not only as the capital of the Mughal empire, but as a center of culture, art, poetry, music and artisanship all flourished. “Shahjahanabad was a statement as a way of life, achieved after many centuries.

Red Fort Facts

On April 17, 1648, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan ‘illuminated’ the   Red fort of Delhi as he had ordered to be built on the banks of the bank of river Yamuna. City was named after his name Shah jahanabad in Delhi with his ‘blessed presence’ and celebrations  with fire works and prince Dara Shikho showers gold and silver coins.

The red fort of Delhi Qila-e-Mubarak, means a blessed fort as it was named, was indeed like a beautiful octagonal flower in full bloom and had taken 10 years time to build. The master architects Ahmed and Hamid had built the supreme seat of power, envisaged it as a piece of paradise and perhaps that is why the famous Persian couplet was inscribed here: Gar firdaus bar ru e zameen ast/ Hamin ast-o, hamin ast-o, hamin ast (If there is a paradise on earth/ It is this, it is this, it is this).

The Lahori  Gate was used by the common public, and the other Gate was for the emperor. The Lahori Gate was the main entrance.  The Red Fort is one of the most popular monuments in India and a popular tourist attraction in Delhi. In the year 2007. The Red fort of Delhi was honored  in the list of world heritage site by UNESCO.

Red Fort Delhi is Famous For

Every year on 15 August, India’s Independence Day our Prime Minister hoists the Indian national flag at the ramparts of the red fort of Delhi, and address the nation..

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Delhi Gate of The Red Fort

Delhi Red Fort Inside Tour Sightseeing

Lahori Gate

The Lahori Gate was the main entrance to the Red Fort of Delhi, faces towards in the direction of a popular city in Pakistan known as Lahore. In the emperor Aurangzeb’s times, the beautification of the gate was added by a barbican  wall, which Shah Jahan described as “a veil is drawn across the face of a beautiful woman.

Delhi Gate

The Delhi Gate of the red fort is on the southern side which was mostly used by the emperor and the close members of royal family. Gate is decorated with two life-size stone elephants on either side of the gate.

Chhatta Chowk

Entering through the Lahori Gate in the red fort of Delhi there is a 17th century covered bazaar  known as Meena Bazaar, where gems, silk, jewelry carpets, silver ware and the high fashion expensive dress material were sold for the imperial household in the times of Mughal . This market  was earlier known as Bazaar Musakaaf  meaning “roofed market”.

Naubat Khana

The house of Drums was once used by the musicians who played on the kettle drums and other interesting instruments gongs and cymbals. Music was played daily, at its scheduled time. The inner main court of the red fort of Delhi, to which the Nakkar Khanna  led was surrounded by guarded galleries. From the gate no-one, except the royalty, were required to dismount from there elephants and horses.


The hall of common Audience in the red fort of Delhi. This palace in the red fort was used as a supreme court in which emperor listen to his common subjects. This was the place is also for the state official affairs related to the common people who sought after their legal matters such as revenue, tax issues and all property complications. At the center of the eastern wall is a white marble canopy or a baldachin known as Nashiman-i-Zilli-Ilahi  (The seat of the shadow of God). Its roof has been built in typical Bengali style, and in front of it lies a four legged white marble dais, probably used by the wazir the then prime minister.

The hall’s columns and  arches exhibit fine craftsmanship, and  was originally decorated with white chunam stucco. On the raised marble window pavilion known as  jhorokha the emperor gave his audience.

The palace Diwan-i-Aam was also used for the state functions.


The pavilions  and the imperial apartments in the red fort were built on a high platform are connected by a stream canal, known as the Stream of the Paradise, running through the center of each palace and apartment. Water is drawn from the river Yamuna via a tower.  Nahr means.

This was in keeping with the paradisiacal theme with rivers and gardens that were laid in the fort by the architects. A Nahr-e-Bahisht, or stream of paradise, originating near Shah Burj ” emperors tower” and designed in to flow  the row of palace buildings in a beautifully carved channels, connecting them to the palace gardens, further heightened the effect. This palace was interspersed with the white marble lotus shaped water fountains of outstanding beauty, inlaid with diamonds and jewels as pietra dura in the palace  and silver ornamental fountains in the gardens.

The soothing sound of gently running water, with the flow of a thousand fountains and the natural smell of camphor incense rejuvenate the royals.

Mumtaz Mahal

The two pavilions on the south are the palace for the royal ladies consisting of the Mumtaz Mahal  built for Arjumand Banu Begum wife of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and the larger palace Rang Mahal was a beautiful resort for women of the royal .

Rang Mahal

The Rang Mahal palace is house for the emperor’s wives and mistresses. Rang Mahal name means “Palace of Colors”, since it was shine brightly with the painted and decorated mosaic of colorful mirrors. The central marble louts pool is fed by the canal, the stream of Paradise. Rang Mahal or Palace of Colors. It was the largest royal apartment in the red fort constructed for royal concerts. During Shah Jahan’s reign, it was known as Imtiaz Mahal or the Palace of Distinction. It derived its name from its decoration. The compartments of its central hall are known as Shish Mahal or the Palace of Mirror’s. The eastern wall of the palace is pierced by five windows, which were used by the ladies of the royal court to watch animal fights that were held on sand at the foot of the palace).

Khas Mahal

The Khas Mahal was the emperor’s personnel apartment in the red fort of Delhi. It was air cooled by the stream of paradise. Palace was connected with an octagonal tower, where emperor appeared before the common people at the sun rise in the morning, who were waiting at the side of the river bank. This was a general practice by most Mughal kings in their time,

Palace appartment was built with white marble and boasts of beautiful peitra dura work, and comprises three sections —Tasbih Khana a chamber for beads, Khwabgh  palace of dreams a sleeping room and Tosh Khana a sitting room.

There is an inscription in Persian over the southern arch of central room of the Khwabagh which states that the building was began in 1639 C.E. and completed in 1648 C.E. at that time which costs 50 lakh rupees.


The Diwan-i-Khas palace in the red fort of Delhi for the Private Audience was a build for the high-level official state matters and requests of the high ranked novelty or the royal family. It is constructed by the white marble, inlaid with precious gems and stones. The pavilion consists of engraved arches on three sides except on the east. The chamber was surrounded by aisles of arches which rising from the piers. Nahar-i-Bihist runs through the center of the hall. While the upper part is painted in golden decoration, the lower part is decorated with floral designs in pietra dura. The wooden ceiling of the hall was painted in 1911 and originally had a silver ceiling adorned by floral patterns. The once-silver ceiling has been restored by wood. French traveler, described seeing the diamond jeweled Peacock Throne here. Here an inscription of the famous Persian poet  Amir Khosrow

If heaven can be seen the face of the earth,

It is this-  it is this- it is this.


The royal baths, consisting of three domed apartments like with white marble beautiful patterned floors.  The apartments are illuminated by a colored glass skylight. The two rooms to either side of the present entrance are believed to have been used by the royal children for bathing. The eastern side apartment, having three fountain basins, was used mostly as a dressing room. In the center of each room stood a water fountain, and one of the rooms is contained a marble pool. As legend goes, perfumed rose-water once filled in reservoir. The western apartment was used for hot or steam baths.


The step-well was built to fulfil the need of fresh water supply in the red fort of Delhi. is one of the few monuments that were not demolished by the British army after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The chambers with in the step well were converted into the prison by the British .

Moti Masjid

The Pearl Mosque. was built by Emperor Aurangzeb for his private prayers. Decorated by   three-small golden domes mosque was beautifully carved in white marble, with a three-arched screen opening down towards the courtyard.

The Hayat Baksh Bag  Life-Bestowing Garden is located in the northeast part of the complex. It features a reservoir connected with channels flows. At the each end there is a beautiful white marble pavilion, called as Sawan and Bhadon Pavilions named according to the Hindu Months, of monsoon . In the middle of the reservoir there is the red-sandstone palace called Zafar Mahal.

Smaller gardens such as the Mehtab Bag or Moonlight Garden existed west of it, but were demolished in 1857 when the British soldier barracks were built. A road going to the north leads to an arched bridge who connects with the Salimgarh Fort.

Red Fort l Garden and Pavilions

Nahr-e-Bahisht flowing over the marble niches in the two identical pavilions built facing each other in the Bagh-e-Hayat Baksh. The northern pavilion is Sawan and the southern one is called Bhado’n. They were so named because they recreated the effect of monsoons when the Nahr-e-Bahisht flowed through them and onto the gardens.

There are small arched niches made in the pond and the chutes of this building in which flower bouquets were placed during the day and camphor candles lit at night. The cascading water over these candles and flowers created an unbelievable feeling.

The Mehtab Bagh, or moonlit garden. For heavenly evenings and nights, the scent from the flowers overpowered the senses and the camphor lamps and candles from the Sawan and Bhado’n pavilions made one dreamy and languorous. This was planted only with those white flowers, ever green bushes and trees which had white blossoms. They exaggerated the effect of moonlight at night

Perhaps the emperor walked here with his begums, the prince and the princesses dreamt of the crowns and their palaces.

One can Enjoy the red fort of Delhi with a historian or a guide. 


Red Fort (Lal Qila) Delhi – Time Ticket Nearest Metro Station.

Entry Fee: INR 50 (Indian citizens) and INR 550 (foreign nationals)

Light and Sound show please check : 01123277705

Famous for: History, Architecture, Photography.

Nearest Metro Station: Chandni Chowk, Jama Masjid

Uber booking: Red fort parking {Ticket Counter}

The best way to visit the Red Fort of Delhi and listen the interesting stories of Mughal history with their art and architecture call Harry 9811500757

 Email to BOOK A Walk with Harry : guideharry@hotmail.com


    • Greetings to you
      Yes that’s very economical charges which includes tickets and snakes and rikshaw ride.
      somewhere shoe keeping tips as well.
      Thanks for your interest.
      See this historical city in your Good times


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