In the heart of Delhi’s Lutyens zone, near the enchanting Lodhi Garden, a symbol of undying love awaits. The Safdarjung Tomb, an architectural gem built in 1754 by the hands of Shuja-ud-daula, stands as a living ode to Mughal grandeur. This ethereal marvel whispers tales of India’s opulent past and the artistic brilliance of the Mughal dynasty. This journey through time, you Will be transported into an era where opulence met elegance in every stone. Safdarjung Tomb is a sanctuary of love and history, a testament to the Mughal dynasty’s legacy of grandeur and craftsmanship. As you venture through its serene gardens and intricate pathways, where every corner resonates with whispers of romance and artistry.
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Safdarjung Tomb History
In the heart of history, where stories intertwine like threads of fate, the saga of Safdarjung Tomb unfolds – a tribute to a man who journeyed from Persian lands to the realm of Mughals Empire in India, etching his name onto the tapestry of time. Safdarjung, born as Abul Mansur Mirza Muhammad Muqim Ali Khan in Khurasan in 1708 AD, embarked on a destiny that would shape empires and legacy.
In 1722 AD, Safdarjung’s footsteps crossed borders as he relocated to India. His prowess led him to become the Subadar Nawab of Oudh on March 19, 1739. This Persian native, a descendant of Qara Yusuf from the Kara Koyunlu lineage, carved his place in history by succeeding his maternal uncle, Burhan ul Mulk Saadat Ali Khan, through a seemingly monumental bribe to Nadir Shah The founder of the Afshari dynasty of Iran and one of the most powerful rulers in Iranian history, ruled as the Shah of Iran (Persian). – a some of twenty million rupees that would echo’s through time.
Throughout his life, Safdarjung held steadfast to his position, an independent ruler of the state of Oudh, carrying the legacy of his lineage. Emperor Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad Shah recognized his talents, bestowing upon him the title that would echo through history as “Safdarjung.”
As the tides of time carried Safdarjung’s journey, the passing of Emperor Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad Shah marked a new chapter. His son, Ahmad Shah Bahadur, ascended the throne in 1748, and Safdarjung’s influence remained unyielding. Relocating to Delhi, he became the Wazir ul-Mamalik-i-Hindustan, the Prime Minister of India. His resourcefulness led him to become the Subehdar of Assam from 1750 to 1754, even serving as the governor of Ajmer. Yet, the currents of court politics brought forth his dismissal and eventual exile from Delhi in 1753, prompting his return to Oudh in December of the same year.
On October 5, 1754, Safdarjung breathed his last in Sultanpur near Faizabad (is a city located in Ayodhya district). His son, Nawab Shujaud Daula, pleaded with the Mughal Emperor, seeking permission to erect a mausoleum in Delhi, a tribute befitting Safdarjung’s stature. And so, the construction of Safdarjung Tomb began, a structure that would encapsulate his memory.
Completed in 1754, Safdarjung Tomb marries Mughal imperial style with architectural finesse. Within its garden embrace lies a tribute to history, a reflection of the Taj Mahal’s grace. The tomb’s design, adorned with “eight paradises” encircling the central chamber under the dome, stands as a marvel of its time. A garden, divided into four symmetrical quarters, mirrors the balanced aesthetics of Mughal architecture.
Today, Safdarjung Tomb beckons visitors to stroll through its intriguing history, inviting them to immerse themselves in its stories while basking in the gentle breeze of its serene garden. Safdarjung’s journey from a Persian native to a ruler of Awadh, from a viceroy to a Prime Minister, is woven into the very fabric of this monument. His rise, his fall, and his enduring legacy are inscribed within these walls.
A Persian native who found his place in the courts of India, Safdarjung’s story speaks of ambition, power, and the relentless march of time. His tomb, standing amidst the whispers of history, reminds us that even in the face of change, some legacies remain indelible. As you stand before Safdarjung Tomb, you’re not just witnessing history; you’re stepping into the currents that shaped it.
Safdarjung Tomb Architecture
Mughal Majesty in The Design of Safdarjung Tomb
The Safdarjung Tomb, the last grand garden tomb of the Mughals, was envisioned and crafted in the likeness of the Humayun Tomb’s style. This architectural masterpiece, completed in 1754, boasts a distinct identity and significance. The white marble slabs from the tomb of Abdul Rahim Khan khana were used in the construction of the Safdarjung tomb. To the south of this Safdarjung’s tomb is the historical site of the battle that was fought between Timur of the Mongols and Muhammad Tughlaq in 1386 when he was defeated.
Safdarjung Tomb A Lasting Impressions by an Ethiopian Hand
Designed by an Ethiopian architect, It was built by Bilal Muhammad Khan, at the cost of three hundred twenty five lacs of rupees. the Safdarjung Tomb stands as the final colossal garden tomb of the Mughal era. Although aligned with the renowned Humayun’s Tomb, this structure emanates its own aura, leaving a unique mark on history.
Safdarjung Tomb is Elegance in the Midst of Nature
Nestled on an elevated platform, the mausoleum gazes over a sprawling square garden, each side spanning a remarkable 280 meters. Embracing the traditional charbagh garden style, the layout divides the garden into four squares, crisscrossed by pathways and water canals. Within this serene setting lies a courtyard and a three-domed mosque, encapsulated within protective walls.
Safdarjung Tomb the Key Features Shaping the Marvel
The tomb’s essence is defined by four key features that intertwine seamlessly. The mausoleum takes center stage within the symmetrical Char Bagh plan. A nine fold floor layout adds a touch of complexity to its design. A five-part façade adorns the tomb’s exterior, captivating all who behold it. Concealed beneath a substantial podium, a hidden stairway sparks curiosity, inviting exploration.
Safdarjung Tomb Gateway to Grandeur and Devotion
The two-storied main entry gate welcomes visitors with an ornate façade, boasting elaborate ornamentation in a regal purple hue. An Arabic inscription delicately engraved on its surface translates to “When the hero of plain bravery departs from the transitory, may he become a resident of God’s paradise.” The rear side of the façade hides chambers and a library, a testament to the meticulous planning that shaped the tomb. Adjacent to the gate stands a three-domed mosque, marked with distinctive stripes.
Safdarjung Tomb Unveiling the Inner Majesty
Upon entering, the mausoleum’s grandeur unfolds. Its walls stand tall, and the central dome, the heart of Safdarjung, reigns over a terrace. Fashioned from red and brownish-yellow sandstone, the main mausoleum spans 28 meters square. The central chamber, adorned with rococo plaster decorations, holds an octagonal cenotaph encased in rectangular partitions. Polygonal towers grace each corner, their faded marble panels and intricate arches exuding an air of regal magnificence.
Legacy Beneath the Surface of the Safdarjung Tomb
Beneath the structure, an underground chamber cradles the final resting place of Safdarjung and his wife, Amat Jahan Begum. This serene chamber echoes with the whispers of time, preserving their legacy for generations to come.
Safdarjung Tomb is In the Care of Preservation
Today, the Safdarjung Tomb and its heritage are under the watchful guardianship of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The library positioned above the main gate echoes with the voices of centuries past, a treasure trove of knowledge and memories.
As we step through its gates, the Safdarjung Tomb invites us to journey through time, to experience the Mughal legacy’s grandeur and elegance. Its architecture and stories converge, leaving an indelible imprint on those who explore its hallowed grounds.
Safdarjung Tomb Gardens
Enveloping the majestic Safdarjung Tomb is a sprawling square garden, a haven of serenity and natural splendor. This verdant expanse is a testament to the Mughal penchant for harmonizing architecture with nature’s bounty. The garden, enclosed within sturdy walls stretching approximately 280 meters on each side, exudes a sense of grandeur. Its layout mirrors four squares, connected by wide footpaths and adorned with glistening water tanks. These squares are further adorned with smaller squares, forming a harmonious pattern that beckons tranquility.
Designed in the quintessential Mughal charbagh style, this garden is reminiscent of the iconic Humayun Tomb’s layout. Each element is carefully positioned to create a symphony of nature and architecture, a miniature paradise within Delhi’s bustling heart.
A pair of meandering channels adds to the garden’s allure. One pathway leads to the entrance gate, inviting visitors to step into this realm of beauty. The other pathway guides wanderers towards three elegant pavilions, evoking a sense of discovery and wonder.
At the heart of the garden lies the main podium, providing the foundation for the magnificent mausoleum above. This platform spans 50 meters on each side, its solidity grounding the ethereal elegance above. Sturdy walls, crafted from the finest rubble stone masonry, encircle the garden like protective arms. Within these walls, recessed arches create an inviting ambiance, inviting visitors to explore the garden’s depths.
The garden’s corner towers, or chatris, stand as silent sentinels, their octagonal forms adding a touch of grace to the landscape. These towers resonate with history, each angle telling tales of a bygone era.
A journey through the garden reveals a thoughtful layout. Four pavilions, named Jangli Mahal, Moti Mahal, and Badshah Pasand, The Nawab’s family once used to reside in these pavilions. stand in different directions, each a treasure trove of chambers and stories. The eastern gateway draws attention with its impressive presence, welcoming travelers into this oasis of peace.
Alongside the gate lies a realm of apartments, a mosque, and a courtyard, breathing life into the space. In the past, these spaces were abodes for the Nawab’s family, resonating with their laughter and stories.
Today, the Safdarjung Tomb and its gardens are lovingly preserved by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Their presence can be felt within the pavilions, which now serve as ASI’s offices, and a library gracing the main gate.
The Safdarjung Tomb gardens, with their lush greenery and historical significance, invite us to stroll through history’s corridors while basking in the embrace of nature. Amidst the vibrant cityscape of Delhi, this tranquil oasis stands as a reminder of the timeless harmony between mankind and the natural world.
Safdarjung Tomb: Nearest Metro Jorbagh
Safdarjung tomb is located near Safdarjung Airport at the T point of Lodhi Road and Aurobindo Marg. If you’re eager to explore the wonders of Safdarjung Tomb, your journey begins get down at Jor Bagh metro station on Yellow Line. From here you can walk for 2 minutes.
Safdarjung Tomb: Things to Do and Explore Nearby Places
For first-time visitors, Safdarjung Tomb offers a blend of historical charm and scenic beauty.
Immersing in Mughal Heritage: History enthusiasts will relish delving into the intricacies of Mughal architecture. Marvel at the Safdarjung tomb’s details that echo the elegance of an era gone by.
Capture Moments: Photography aficionados will find the manicured gardens surrounding the tomb a delightful canvas for their creativity. The interplay of light and shade creates captivating frames.
Neighboring Delights: Adjacent to the tomb lies the renowned Lodhi Garden. Here, not only can you indulge your senses in nature’s embrace.
Retail Therapy: For those seeking retail therapy, Khan Market is an alluring destination. This vibrant hub caters to shoppers with diverse tastes and preferences.
While exploring the beauty of Safdarjung Tomb, don’t miss the opportunity to visit the nearby Indira Gandhi Memorial. A brief trip will lead you to this significant landmark, offering a glimpse into the life and legacy of India’s iconic leader.
Safdarjung Tomb: Timings
Safdarjung Tomb welcomes visitors every day of the week, from 7 am to 9 pm.
These extended hours offer ample time to savor the historical aura and capture the essence of this remarkable site.
Safdarjung Tomb: Ticket and Photography
When it comes to entry fees, there’s a nominal charge of Rs. 20 for Indian visitors and Rs. 250 for foreign nationals. Feel free to capture memories through photography within the premises at no extra cost. For those inclined towards videography fee of Rs. 25.
Safdarjung Tomb: Best Time to Visit
While Delhi’s summers can be intense, winter sets the stage for an inviting experience. The period from 4 pm to 6 pm offers a gentle sun and a pleasant atmosphere, ideal for a leisurely exploration. Share quality moments with loved ones amidst the captivating allure of Safdarjung Tomb.
In essence, Safdarjung Tomb stands as an eloquent fusion of history and aesthetics, inviting you to immerse yourself in its stories and treasures. Share Your Reviews with Delhi Tour Guide.